flat panel display

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flat panel display

A thin display screen for a computer, tablet, smartphone or TV. LCD is the primary screen technology for computer and mobile devices with OLED increasingly employed in smartphones. LCD and OLED compete for TVs. Plasma TVs are no longer made. See LCD, OLED, plasma display and flat panel TV.

The first LCD panels appeared on laptops in the mid-1980s. In that same time frame, LCD computer monitors became available and in 2003 exceeded sales of CRTs for the first time.

Digital Computer to Digital Display
Although flat panel computer monitors accept digital inputs, they may also include an analog VGA input to accommodate old PCs. Going digital all the way creates a sharper image (see flat panel connections).

Know Your Resolution
Flat panel monitors have a precise matrix of rows and columns ("native resolution"). Most monitors have at least 1,080 lines (rows) of resolution to accommodate HD video, but business users and graphics designers often take advantage of 1,440, 1,600, 2,560 and more lines of resolution on premium displays. See 4K monitor and 5K monitor.

The Switchover
This early flat panel LCD monitor took less space, energy, glare and radiation than its CRT counterpart. (Image courtesy of EIZO Nanao Technologies Inc.)

Revolutionary in 1999
The SGI 1600SW was the first wide-screen, high-resolution panel for business users. At 1600x1024 pixels, two documents or Web pages could appear side-by-side on a single screen.

Bigger and Bigger
By 2004, this 42" LCD panel from LG was considered huge. Three years later at CES in Las Vegas, Sharp proudly displayed a 108" TV.

Beware the Glare
Laptops were first noted for their lack of glare compared to desktop CRTs. By 2003, laptop LCDs emerged with an overlay to enhance colors, and it caused reflection as in this photo. Today, glare runs from a lot to a little.
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References in periodicals archive ?
On the basis of applications, the global flat panel display market is segmented into consumer electronics, automotive application and others.
Innovative Solutions & Support Inc (NASDAQ:ISSC), a provider of flight information computers, flat panel display systems and monitoring systems that measure and display flight information, announced on Tuesday (28 February) that the company has received two orders for Flat Panel Display System installations on Pilatus PC-12 aircraft.
(Nasdaq:CYMI) and Carl Zeiss SMT AG, has unveiled the TCZ 900X -- an innovative production tool for fabricating flat panel displays (FPD).
Universal is working on the technology to build organic flat panel displays that are lightweight, portable, even rollable.
Salvaging desk space, it features a PanelLink digital interface and is packaged as a 15-inch LCD flat panel display with a 1024x768 pixel resolution.
With a required mounting depth of 4", resolution of the flat panel display is 800x600 dpi.
It quotes research showing the flat panel display market was worth $8bn last year and is growing by 20% a year, driven by demand for notebook computers and emerging TV applications.
Chang of Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill., whose group recently used nanotubes to generate electrons for a flat panel display. "By understanding the mechanism of field emission, one also will understand the electronic properties of nanotubes."
Flat panel display devices have remained out of reach of most corporate desktop budgets, however sexy they look as a prop on television's ER hospital drama.
But for the fast-growing LCD and flat panel display markets, the need for UV-filtering and contrast enhancement has been surpassed by the need for higher brightness.