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see flatfishflatfish,
common name for any member of the unique and widespread order Pleuronectiformes containing over 500 species (including the flounder, halibut, plaice, sole, and turbot), 130 of which are American.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Pleuronectes [or Platichthys] flesus luscus, a fish of the flounder family; a subspecies of the fluke. Its body length reaches 30 cm; in some estuaries a dwarf form is found. It is widespread in the Black and Azov seas and sometimes frequents the estuaries and lower reaches of rivers. It achieves sexual maturity in the third year of life and casts its roe from the end of January to the middle of March; the spawn may be as large as 1 million eggs. It feeds on benthic invertebrates—mollusks, crustaceans, and worms—and small fishes. It is of minor commercial importance and is caught mainly in the Sea of Azov.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(vertebrate zoology)
Any of a number of flatfishes in the families Pleuronectidae and Bothidae of the order Pleuronectiformes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. a European flatfish, Platichthys flesus having a greyish-brown body covered with prickly scales: family Pleuronectidae: an important food fish
2. US and Canadian any flatfish of the families Bothidae (turbot, etc.) and Pleuronectidae (plaice, halibut, sand dab, etc.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Flounder prefer soft bottoms with structures that attract small baitfish and shrimp.
Tony Anderson won their retired members match with a mixed bag of mackerel, dab and flounder for 3lb 10oz, Ken Robinson taking the best, a flounder of 1lb 1oz.
The best bait for the codling has been crab and worm, while fish baits have worked best for the whiting and flounders.
The winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus) is a pleuronectid flatfish that inhabits northwest and mid-Atlantic waters from Nova Scotia southward to Maryland (Pereira et al., 1999).
The most urgent action needed to prevent more civilians being killed, Flounders argued, was for the United States to stop supporting rebel groups trying to topple Syrian President Bashar Assad and to halt its air operations in the country.
Miss Flounders was asked by Orlando Pownall QC, defending, if he named the women.
Miss Flounders was handed a tissue by the court clerk and she dabbed away tears after she was asked about "other women".
Allan Maskray, from Penygraig, caught three flounders to come second with 79cm and Cardiff member Andy Kinder was third with one flounder that measured 36cm.
The Kamchatka Flounder was originally described by Jordan and Starks (1904) from a single specimen collected in Matsushima Bay, off northern Japan.
Red Rocks at Hoylake was this week's venue for the North West Association SAC summer league and there were plenty of fish to be caught, as demonstrated by match winner Phil House (Wallasey), who had 11 flounders on fresh crab bait to weigh in with 5290 grammes.
This Sunday the action switches to Arbroath, with the Scottish Open Flounder Championships.