dogwood

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Related to flowering dogwood: eastern flowering dogwood

dogwood

or

cornel

(kôr`nəl), shrub or tree of the genus Cornus, chiefly of north temperate and tropical mountain regions, characteristically having an inconspicuous flower surrounded by large, showy bracts which are often mistaken for petals. This trait is evident in the flowering dogwood (C. florida) of E North America, with white or pink bracts, and the very similar Pacific dogwood (C. nuttallii) of the West. Dogwood anthracnose, a fungal disease, has killed many wild woodland dogwoods since the 1980s. Both species are cultivated as ornamentals. Their bark, rich in tannin, has been used medicinally (as is that of the other species of Cornus), for example, as a quininequinine
, white crystalline alkaloid with a bitter taste. Before the development of more effective synthetic drugs such as quinacrine, chloroquine, and primaquine, quinine was the specific agent in the treatment of malaria.
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 substitute. Their hard wood is used for various objects, e.g., machinery bearings and tool handles. The fruits of some species are edible, e.g., those of the Old World cornelian cherry (C. mas), used also for preserves and the French liqueur vin de cornouille. The bunchberry, or dwarf cornel (C. canadensis), is a low herbaceous wildflower of North America. Dogwoods are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Cornales, family Cornaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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dogwood

dogwood

Most dogwood fruits are super bitter and not edible, but one palatable species is called Cornelian Cherry (available from EdibleLandscaping.com). The root-bark tea from normal Dogwoods used historically as an astringent (stops bleeding), pain-reducing anti-inflammatory, laxative, cough suppressant for malaria, fever, uterine problems and diarrhea. Twigs are chewed to clean and whiten teeth.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dogwood

 

shrubs and trees of several species. Swida sanguinea is usually called dogwood; it is widespread in western and central regions of the European USSR and in middle and southern Europe; more rarely, S. australis, which grows in the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Asia Minor, is called dogwood. They are shrubs or low trees of the family Cornaceae, having purple shoots, white flowers and corymbiform inflorescences without spathes, and opposite, simple leaves, pale-green underneath. The fruits are juicy and spherical, blue-black or black. Both species are widely grown as ornamentals. Sometimes the wild service tree is called dogwood.


Dogwood

 

(Cornus), a genus of trees and shrubs of the family Cornaceae. The leaves are simple, entire, and opposite. The small bisexual flowers are gathered in umbellate clusters. The fruits are fleshy red drupes on stalks. Four species are found in central and southern Europe, Asia Minor, central China, Japan, and North America (California). The Soviet Union has one species, the cornelian cherry (Cornus mas). It grows in the underbrush and thickets at the edges of leafy forests in the southwestern European USSR, the Crimea, and the Caucasus. Its fruits are eaten fresh and used in preserves and compotes. The hard heavy wood is used in the manufacture of various items. Dogwood trees contain tannins, and are nectar-bearing.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

dogwood

of North Carolina and Virginia. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 639]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The next preferred foods of the Southern flying squirrel were acorns of the black oak and water oak, and the least preferred foods of the Southern flying squirrel were fruits of the flowering dogwood and nuts of the pignut hickory.
The ranking of food preferences based on Kcals consumed (Kcal * g live [Wt.sup.-1] * [day.sup.-1]) for male golden mice was water oak > white oak > flowering dogwood > Chinese privet > staghorn sumac, and for male white-footed mice the ranking of food preferences was water oak > white oak > Chinese privet > flowering dogwood > staghorn sumac.
Thus, at this site, the only shade-tolerant species included in survival analysis was flowering dogwood. In contrast to results of a previous study performed at the mesic site (Lin et al.
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, arrow wood, cornel, cornelian, false boxwood
In Britain, we have tended to grow dogwoods for foliage and winter colour with their brilliant red stems while the flowering dogwoods have been largely ignored, yet they are among the most attractive of flowering shrubs and trees.
We selected nuts and fruits of reported dietary food preference for each of these two small mammal species, namely water oak acorns (Quercus nigra), white oak acorns ( Quercus alba), flowering dogwood (Comus florida), Chinese privet ( Ligistrum sinense) and staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina).
The flowering dogwood trees offer so much beauty in our landscapes that we tend to overlook the shrubby dogwoods that should be included in our planting for colored bark - "Bud's Yellow" for yellow stems and any of the "Bloodtwig" dogwood for red to orange stems.
The Upwardly Mobile Garden featured a Cornus 'Venus', a flowering dogwood with good drought tolerance and a high resistance to diseases, in a large container.
The correct state tree for New Jersey is red oak, not flowering dogwood as listed in the Spring issue of American Forests.
Spotting a yellow-billed cuckoo, a green tree frog, flowering dogwood, and a bobcat can be all in a day's exploring at this 97,000-acre park.
Flowering dogwood (left) was one of the many trees in the native plant garden that about 30 people were shown during the hourlong tour.
TREES: Chinese pistache, crape myrtle, Eastern redbud, floss silk tree (flowers), flowering dogwood, ginkgo, Japanese maple, liquidambar, ornamental pear, Persian parrotia, persimmon, scarlet oak, sour gum.