Compartment

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Related to fluid compartment: intracellular fluid

compartment

[kəm′pärt·mənt]
(cell and molecular biology)
Any of the membrane-bound organelles within cells.
(mining engineering)
A section of a mine shaft separated by framed timbers and planking.

Compartment

A small space within a larger enclosed area, often separated by partitions.

Compartment

 

a part of a forest, bounded by cut patches or natural borders (such as rivers). Compartments may be divided naturally (borders as natural features), artificially (borders as patches cut perpendicularly to one another), or in a mixed fashion (natural boundaries supplemented by cut patches). The size of a compartment, which can range from several tenths of a hectare to several hundred hectares, is determined by an appraisal system, based on the use of the wood. Each compartment has a permanent number. The enumeration of the compartments in a forest proceeds from northwest to southeast.


Compartment

 

of a vessel, a space within the hull of a vessel, bounded by watertight transverse and longitudinal bulkheads. Division of a vessel into compartments ensures the vessel’s stability and unsinkability when damaged. Compart-mentalization also aids in the efficient arrangement of cargo and passenger space and the efficient placement of ship’s stores.

compartment

A small space within a larger enclosed area, often separated by partitions.
References in periodicals archive ?
Crystalloids (for example, normal saline and lactated ringers) usually are administered during surgery because they are distributed proportionally between fluid compartments (Kaye & Gorgono, 2000).
The mechanisms of compensation for acid-base disturbances are thought to involve the transport of ions such as sodium, chloride, and bicarbonate between the organism and its environment or between fluid compartments within the organism (Burnett and McMahon, 1987; Burnett, 1988).
We chose blue dextran because its color is easy to see in solution, and its large molecular weight makes it unlikely to be metabolized during the short duration (minutes) of these experiments, or to cross membranes between fluid compartments. In one experiment, we injected the blue dextran solution into the perivisceral coelomic cavity, air exposed the sea urchin, and collected the EF and examined it for the presence of blue dextran.
An understanding of the fluid compartments within the body.
Q1 Identify the three fluid compartments in the human body and state the function of these compartments.
All the buffer systems listed, except for ammonia, whose primary buffering role is in the kidney and is discussed below, exist both inside and outside of cells and contribute to the intracellular and extracellular buffering, respectively, of the two fluid compartments. Note that each buffer system is in equilibrium, meaning that there is continual adjustment in the ratio of the acid (proton donor) to base (proton acceptor) members of the buffer pair.
While the process uses free [H.sup.+], there is no net consumption or production of [H.sup.+]; the [H.sup.+] ions merely circulate between the intracellular and tubular fluid compartments to facilitate the conversion of HC[O.sub.3.sup.-] to C[O.sub.2] and [H.sub.2]O, and then back to HC[O.sub.3.sup.-].
Sea urchins have not been studied adequately, but precise osmotic measurements have been made on the fluid compartments of starfish (asteroids).