extract

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extract

1. a preparation containing the active principle or concentrated essence of a material
2. Pharmacol a solution of plant or animal tissue containing the active principle
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Extract

 

a concentrated medicinal substance obtained from raw materials that contain certain active ingredients, such as glycosides, alkaloids, and vitamins; a type of galenical. Depending on the extracting agent used, extracts may be categorized as, for example, aqueous, alcoholic, or ethereal. Depending on the degree of thickening after evaporation, they may be classified as liquid, semiliquid (no more than 25 percent moisture), or dry (up to 5 percent moisture).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

extract

[′ek‚strakt (noun) or ik′strakt (verb)]
(chemistry)
Material separated from liquid or solid mixture by a solvent.
(computer science)
To form a new computer word by extracting and putting together selected segments of given words.
To remove from a computer register or memory all items that meet a specified condition.
(metallurgy)
To separate a metal or a mineral from an ore by various chemical or mechanical methods.
(pharmacology)
A pharmaceutical preparation obtained by dissolving the active constituents of a drug with a suitable menstruum, evaporating the solvent, and adjusting to prescribed standards.
A preparation, usually in a concentrated form, obtained by treating plant or animal tissue with a solvent to remove desired odiferous, flavorful, or nutritive components of the tissue.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

extract

To decompress. To restore the original files from a compressed archive (ZIP file, RAR file, etc.). See archive, data compression and archive formats.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
The oyster fluid extract was diluted by a factor of 2 or 3 to ensure its measurement would be within the limits of the calibration curve for the zinc analysis.
You can make a homemade fluid extract of calendula by using six ounces of dried marigold flower petals to eight ounces of 180-proof grain alcohol.
830 ml of the fluid extract (FE), with 56.04 g of dried residue, was concentrated in vacuo, at 60 [degrees]C, to 50% of its volume.
Licorice can be a good choice if you are looking for a gentle laxative, again the fluid extract is ideal.
We utilized commercially available alcoholic fluid extracts, dry extracts and carbon dioxide (C[O.sub.2])-extracts.
The study will be helpful to researchers in understanding the antioxidant status of supercritical fluid extracts of coriander seeds and herb.
To evaluate lung toxicity, the researchers counted the number of neutrophils--white blood cells that migrate to sites of infection or injury (6)--present in lung fluid extracted from mice following exposure to the different PM extracts.
However, Masih, a sweeper at the DHQ hospital to whom Nadeem allegedly sold the fluid extracted from the spinal cords of victim women, was yet to be nominated in any of the three cases.
A favourite sweetener of clean-eating bloggers, agave nectar is made from a fluid extracted from blue agave, a native Mexican plant that is also used to make tequila.
It was found that supercritical fluid extracted essential oil possessed more acid number with a value of 1.55 as compared to other two methods i.e.