Fluorosis

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Fluorosis

 

a chronic disease caused by prolonged excessive ingestion of fluorine. The consumption of water with a high fluorine concentration (more than 1–1.2 mg/liter) or food with an excessive quantity of fluoride compounds results in the retention of fluorine salts in bones and dental tissues and the replacement of soluble calcium compounds by the insoluble compounds of calcium and fluorine. Fluorosis is manifested by the appearance of stains on dental enamel and by a change in the structure of bony tissue (osteosclerosis), causing bone deformity and calcification of ligaments. When contact with fluorine is terminated, symptoms of fluorosis decrease.

References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of Moringa oleifera on hematological parameters of calves reared in industrial fluorotic area.
Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) levels and kidney function in fluorotic sheep.
Our analysis showed amelogenin, ameloblastin, and enamelin--the latter more frequently in fluorotic enamel, suggesting a possible role of this protein in the events that trigger fluorosis--.
Sharma, "Fluoride and health hazards: Community perception in a fluorotic area of central Rajasthan (India): An arid environment," Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol.
Kirzioglu, "Tooth sensitivity in fluorotic teeth," European Journal of Dentistry, vol.
In our results of atomic force microscopy although there was no significant statistical difference, it was demonstrated that the roughness value of healthy dentin was higher in subgroup 1 than in subgroups 2 and 3; however, fluorotic dentine shows higher roughness values in subgroups 2, 3, and 4 in comparison with the control subgroup, even though statistically significant differences were not found; this may be because an amount of organic matter is removed and the substrate is more susceptible to demineralization caused by the self-etching agent [24-27].
effeCtiveNeSS of boNdiNG ReSiN-bASed CompoSite to heAlthy ANd fluoRotiC eNAmel uSiNG totAl-etCh ANd two Self-etCh AdheSive SyStemS.
Fluorotic cervical compressive myelopathy, 20 years after laminectomy: a rare event.
Chinoy (1996).Investigations of soft tissue functions in fluorotic individuals of North Gujarat.
For bio-monitoring of fluorosis patients, fluoride levels were determined in drinking water and human urine samples of different individuals having dental fluorosis and bony deformities from fluorotic area of Punjab (Sham Ki Bhatiyan, Pakistan) and then compared with reference samples of non fluorotic area (Queens Road, Lahore, Pakistan) using ion selective electrode methodology.
It should be noted that all these methods, discussed above, have mainly been studied in diffuse fluorotic opacities or post-orthodontic white spots, therefore their application to hypomineralised MIH enamel should be with caution.
Subjects from fluorotic area showed high concentration of fluoride in water and blood serum samples (mean value: 135.587+-77.435 and 2.765+-0.469 umolL-1 in water and blood serum samples respectively) as compared to controls (mean value: 19.509+-2.432 and 2.364+- 0.667 umolL -1).