Creation of synthetic gauge fields with an alkaline earth element using an optical flux lattice
That process leaves a number of extra oxygen and copper atoms in the sample, which somehow act as defects and help hold the flux lattice
"For almost every application you can think of short of levitation experiments for high-school demonstrations, the flux lattice
melting temperature is really the important temperature," Bishop says.
"Many of us have been consumed for the past six years by the issue of whether magnetic flux lattices
could indeed melt," Bishop sasy.