When a magnetic field produces either a design or a

flux line on COLRink printed on a substrate, hidden features can be revealed by the use of a point light source such as a cell phone.

In addition, two-dimensional analysis of magnetic

flux line of the two states is performed using a commercial FEM tool, ANSYS software, and is shown in Fig.

However, this method may be applied only for paramagnetic materials because in case of ferromagnetic material magnetic

flux line will be <<pulled-in>> into the material and in a vapor dynamic channel the field will disappear.

Formagnetic nanoparticles, a strong interaction between

flux line network and the system can be expected if [xi] < L < [lambda], where L is the particle size [21].

If the air-gap path g([psi], [theta]) lies along a

flux line, as proposed in [13], the directions of [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] coincide at any point and Equation (13) becomes

It is expected that the interaction between

flux line and the nanoparticles will be strong for a particle with size L where [xi] < L < [lambda] [12].

As the [theta] increases, the axial

flux line can also thread through loops.

Neutral plane shift is defined as the plane within the machine where the velocity of rotor wire is exactly parallel to magnetic

flux lines so, that induced voltage is zero.

Caption: FIGURE 9: Calculated magnetic

flux lines by finite element method ANSYS code [9] for three-layer stacked tape conductors (a) without FMs and (b) with FMs at the edges under the same-direction ([up arrow][up arrow][up arrow]) current feeding mode.

It appears that

flux lines are uniformly distributed.