, at a planned altitude of just 50 km, will collect very precise radio Doppler data to help determine the moon's gravity field more accurately than ever.
Leading up to and during the October flyby
, scientists will attempt to capture the asteroid once again with telescopes and track the object.
Because Pluto is so far from Earth, little was known about the dwarf planet's surface until the epic 2015 flyby
. Observations of the surfaces of Pluto and Charon revealed a variety of features, including mountains that reach as high as 13,000 feet (4 km) and vast glaciers of nitrogen ice.
The Europa Clipper will begin its journey in 2023 and make 40 close flybys
of the mysterious icy moon.
New Horizons completed a successful flyby
of Pluto three years ago and returned stunning images of the dwarf planet.
A NASA scientist involved with the mission asked the legendary British guitarist behind 'Bohemian Rhapsody' - who also holds a doctorate in astrophysics - to contribute some music to play as the flyby
On December 21, Juno will make its 16th flyby
of the planet, at which point it will be 3,140 miles above the cloud tops.
The velocity vectors after the release maneuver v 0 and immediately before the first flyby
[mathematical expression not reproducible] can now be evaluated by solving the associated Lambert problem:
SIDON, Lebanon: Israeli warplanes carried out a low altitude flyby
Sunday over southern Lebanon, breaking the sound barrier and causing panic among residents a day after an Israeli spy device was uncovered along the southern border.
All instruments came through this first pass unscathed, though Juno is expected to suffer from some radiation degradation on each consecutive flyby
, passing 1,142 miles (1,839 kilometers) above the moon's surface.