flying lemur

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flying lemur,

gliding mammal native to the tropical lowland forests of S Asia, Malaya, and the Philippines. Also called the colugo, the flying lemur is brownish or grayish above and paler below. It ranges in length from 14 to 17 in. (36–43 cm), plus a 12-in. (30-cm) tail. A membrane stretching from forelimbs to tail resembles that of the bat (but unlike the bat membrane it is not supported by fingers) and allows the animal to glide from tree to tree; the flying lemur does not truly fly. Although its teeth resemble those of carnivores, the flying lemur's diet consists of fruit and leaves. It sleeps by day and forages at dusk. Females give birth to one or two young following a gestation period of 60 days. Flying lemurs are not related to true lemurs which are primates, but belong to an order of their own. Like many rain-forest species, they are endangered by loss of their habitat to deforestation. There are two species, classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Dermoptera, family Cynocephalidae, genus Cynocephalus.
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References in periodicals archive ?
UF researchers led the team that analyzed the anatomy of living and fossil primates, including lemurs, monkeys and humans, as well as their closest living relatives, flying lemurs and tree shrews.
Bloch and Randall collaborated with study co-authors Mary Silcox of the University of Toronto Scarborough and Eric Sargis of Yale University to characterize humans, plus seven other living and one fossil species from the clade Euarchonta, which includes primates, tree shrews and flying lemurs.
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The fossils also show that an essentially sprawling posture was a plausible hind-limb wing position to provide stable flight with gliding parameters better than those of modern "flying lemurs."
In this new approach to molecular phylogenetics, vicariance, and plate tectonics, Heads shows that the distribution ranges of primates and their nearest relatives, the tree shrews and the flying lemurs, conforms to a pattern that would be expected from their having evolved from a widespread ancestor.
According to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources website, the Philippine eagle feeds on flying lemurs, squirrels, snakes, monitor lizards, bats and owls.