folder


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folder

folder

A subdivision of a storage device from the user's perspective (from the device's perspective, see sector). Folders contain files as well as other folders (subfolders), and they expand to accommodate content because they are not a fixed, physical entity. Folders create the illusion of compartments, but actually exist as electronic tables of contents.

Folders are created by the operating system and applications when they are installed. Applications generally default to saving data in the Documents or My Documents folder; however, users can create and name their own folders, and the apps will generally use them the next time data are saved. For example, to create a new folder on the desktop, right click the desktop and select New Folder.

Folders and Directories
The folder metaphor was introduced on the Xerox Star in 1981; later popularized on the Mac and in Windows. In the earlier Unix and DOS environments, the same organization structure was called a "directory," and subfolders were called "subdirectories."

Since the Mac actually became a Unix computer, and the Unix/Linux worlds thrive along with Windows, the terms "folder" and "directory" are used synonymously. In fact, it is not uncommon for people to intersperse the two terms in the same sentence. See files vs. folders, file and Win Folder organization.


Folders on the Desktop
Folders in all graphical environments are pictured as paper file folders, the type that fit in a file cabinet. This excerpt from a Mac desktop shows two files (top) and two folders (bottom).
References in periodicals archive ?
Peter Bright, technology editor, Ars Technica: "With Controlled folder access, certain directories can be designated as being 'protected,' with certain locations, such as Documents, being compulsorily protected.
The xFlow Personnel File is a specialized feature of the new folder solution.
Get into the main folder (XYZ folder) and highlight the folder with apps to be hidden (ABC folder) so that you can move it.
Wise Folder Hider provides Windows users with easy, top secure, completely free file protection and technical support.
One of the primary causes of digital dust is the lack of adequate network drive folder structures.
When you have selected the type of folder you want to use, open the folder and select the View (Details, in this case) from the "Change your view" menu at the top of the folder window.
My Secret Folder is called My folder, which means it appears like any other common folder stored on an iPhone.
I was also impressed by the response from Troy Deck, principle of Wingspan Technologies, whose DocWay Virtual Folders product is available as a "web part" for SharePoint and which allows Documentum users to create virtual folder views.
Select one of the predefined Search Folders, or select the Create a Custom Search Folder option, and fill in the criteria as appropriate.
Having all application programs in one folder makes them easier to locate and back up.
From the desktop computer, create a CD for each folder that is being loaded to the MSD.
With this approach, I don't have to stand up and go to one of the file cabinets to retrieve a folder.