folk art


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folk art,

the art works of a culturally homogeneous people produced by artists without formal training. The forms of such works are generally developed into a tradition that is either cut off from or tenuously connected to the contemporary cultural mainstream. Folk art often involves craft processes, e.g., in America, quiltingquilting,
form of needlework, almost always created by women, most of them anonymous, in which two layers of fabric on either side of an interlining (batting) are sewn together, usually with a pattern of back or running (quilting) stitches that hold the layers together.
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 and sculpture of ships' figureheadsfigurehead,
carved decoration usually representing a head or figure placed under the bowsprit of a ship. The art is of extreme antiquity. Ancient galleys and triremes carried rostrums, or beaks, on the bow to ram enemy vessels.
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, cigar-store figures, and carousel animals. Paintings in the tradition of primitivismprimitivism,
in art, the style of works of self-trained artists who develop their talents in a fanciful and fresh manner, as in the paintings of Henri Rousseau and Grandma Moses.
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 also reflect the folk idiom. Folk art is generally nationalistic in character and expresses the values and aspirations of a culturally united group. Much folk art possesses a rough-hewn quality frequently admired and imitated by sophisticated artists. In works of the American regionalist school of the 20th cent., folk and mainstream traditions merged to form a hybrid modern expression. Of several museums devoted to the collection and exhibition of folk art, the best known is probably the American Folk Art Museum in New York City.

Bibliography

See H. Cahill, American Folk Art (1932, repr. 1970); A. Earnest, Folk Art in America (1984); H. T. Bossert, Folk Art of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas (1990).

References in periodicals archive ?
The festival's range of activities will also build communications between the Authority and other governmental and private sectors bodies, resulting in the creation of a unified platform for UAE heritage folk arts and crafts.
After her death in 1948, her holdings formed the basis for the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Museum, founded in 1957 in Colonial Williamsburg, the old capital of Virginia whose restoration was financed by her husband in the late 1920s.
This historic form of music also depicts our strong relationship with other nations through the blending of the country's folk arts with that in the Gulf and the Arab world as well as with other forms of art that have arrived through overseas travel and trade," he added.
The Welsh Sion a Sian weather cottage is a charming example of Welsh folk art and is made from simply-carved pine and still retains the original painted finish," said Mr Bowen.
Al Shanqeeti highlighted the 12 popular types of Emirati folk arts, which will be highlighted to the public during DWHC.
Vaillancourt Folk Art launched in the mid-1980s, when Americana folk art was very popular and about 135 Christmas manufacturers operating in the United States.
Embroidered samplers are perhaps one of the purest forms of folk art.
Five Philippine tribe weaving traditions have been officially selected among the 150 select folk arts traditions that will be participating," Lat said.
She also is responsible for brainstorming and creating the folk art market this year.
routes in adrianoy areos-tap-industry and the plate on the establishment of greek folk art museum (m.
The Museum of Modern Art is buying the home of its next-door neighbor, the cash-strapped American Folk Art Museum at 45 West 53rd Street, according to the New York Times.
We focused on the folk art, music and traditional sports and games from various cultures around the world.