folk dance

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folk dance,

primitive, tribal, or ethnic form of the dancedance
[Old High Ger. danson=to drag, stretch], the art of precise, expressive, and graceful human movement, traditionally, but not necessarily, performed in accord with musical accompaniment. Dancing developed as a natural expression of united feeling and action.
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, sometimes the survival of some ancient ceremony or festival. The term is used also to include characteristic national dances, country dances, and figure dances in costume to folk tunes. Many children's games, such as "London Bridge" and "The Farmer in the Dell," are traditional folk dances. More elaborate examples are the Spanish fandangofandango
, ancient Spanish dance, probably of Moorish origin, that came into Europe in the 17th cent. It is in triple time and is danced by a single couple to the accompaniment of castanets, guitar, and songs sung by the dancers.
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, the Bohemian polkapolka,
ballroom dance for couples in 2/4 time. Originated by Bohemian peasants about 1830 from steps of the schottische and other dances, the polka by 1835 reached the drawing rooms of Prague, from which it spread to the capitals of Europe.
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, the Hungarian czardas, the Irish jigjig,
dance of English origin that is performed also in Ireland and Scotland. It is usually a lively dance, performed by one or more persons, with quick and irregular steps. When the jig was introduced to the United States, it was often danced in minstrel shows.
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, the Scottish Highland flingHighland fling,
national dance of Highland Scotland. Composed in the duple rhythm of the strathspey, a variety of reel, it is characterized by the Scotch snap (a succession of sixteenth notes alternating with dotted eighths). The "fling" emphasizes a kicking gesture.
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, the Hawaiian hula, and the English morris dancemorris dance
or morrice dance,
rustic dance of the north of England that had its origin in country festivals, such as those of May Day and Whitsunday. Reference to it in English literature is made as early as the 15th cent.
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, sword dance, and Maypole dance. American barn dances, such as the Virginia reel, are largely derived from European sources. Early in the 20th cent. Cecil James SharpSharp, Cecil James,
1859–1924, English musician, best known for his researches in English folk music. In 1911 he founded the English Folk Dance Society. In the United States he collected (1914–18) folk songs in the Appalachian Mts.
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, founder of the English Folk Dance Society, made a notable collection of English folk songs and dances. The American Folk Dance Society has done much to preserve the knowledge of old American country dances, and a similar interest has developed in other countries. A popular form of recreation, folk dancing is often taught in schools.


See M. D. Lidster and D. H. Tamburini, Folk Dance Progressions (1965, repr. 1978); A. S. Duggan et al., Folk Dance Library (5 vol., 1948, repr. 1980).

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folk dance

1. any of various traditional rustic dances often originating from festivals or rituals
2. a piece of music composed for such a dance
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Folk dancers at Lindley adult school in February 1969 JS*144041708
It takes practice." VESELO COMMUNITY FOLK DANCERS What: A community group that meets weekly and teaches Balkan folk dancing When: 7 p.m.
A total of 1,923 folk dancers began to perform zeybek at 19: 23 and the large group formed the number 1923, which is the year when the Republic of Turkey was founded.
A group of folk dancers, artists dressed in elaborate costumes and a band played continually and entertained guests throughout the day.
"When our folk dancers go to another country the Greek Cypriot side is protesting.
THE Ma...venpick Hotel Bahrain, in association with Turkish Airlines and Ma...venpick Hotel Istanbul, will be presenting the enchanting flavours of Turkey during a lavish, week-long festival dedicated to Turkish culture and cuisine.Under the patronage of the Turkish Embassy in Bahrain, the cultural festival promises exotic flavours crafted by master chefs travelling all the way from Ma...venpick Hotel Istanbul and dance performances by 10 folk dancers showcasing their culture.From Saturday to April 5 at 7pm onwards, every night Silk's outdoor terrace will set the scene for a delicious Turkish buffet and the rhythms of live shows priced at BD16++ per person.
"I used to [focus on singing] but then I realized that female folk dancers have more opportunities to travel abroad and earn money, so I concentrated on dancing," added Al-Amrani.
Yes, I am walking away in order to open a rehabilitation centre for injured Welsh Folk Dancers.
A YEAR ago the Newcastle Kingsmen were in Oman to perform with other English folk dancers.
Folk dancers from India wait for their turn to perform at the promenade, Dubai Festival City.
Details: 4 The Journey, Llandudno Promenade, Saturday, 1pm & 3.30pm Local folk dancers, cloggers and musicians take part in a dance along the promenade, designed by Portuguese choreographer and performer Filipa Francisco.
The popular Bhangra and Gidda by folk dancers from Punjab rounded off the cultural program.