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the body of customs, legends, beliefs, and superstitions passed on by oral tradition. It includes folk dancesfolk dance,
primitive, tribal, or ethnic form of the dance, sometimes the survival of some ancient ceremony or festival. The term is used also to include characteristic national dances, country dances, and figure dances in costume to folk tunes.
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, folk songsfolk song,
music of anonymous composition, transmitted orally. The theory that folk songs were originally group compositions has been modified in recent studies. These assume that the germ of a folk melody is produced by an individual and altered in transmission into a
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, folk medicinefolk medicine,
methods of curing by means of healing objects, herbs, or animal parts; ceremony; conjuring, magic, or witchcraft; and other means apart from the formalized practice of medical science.
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 (the use of magical charms and herbs), and folktalesfolktale,
general term for any of numerous varieties of traditional narrative. The telling of stories appears to be a cultural universal, common to pre-industrial, ancient, and more modern and developed societies alike.
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 (myths, rhymes, and proverbs). The study of folklore emerged significantly in the 19th cent., partly out of the rise of European romanticism, with its interest in the past, and partly out of nationalism, with its stress on the indigenous. Today most folklorists and anthropologists regard folk customs, legends, and beliefs as an imaginative expression by a people of its desires, attitudes, and cultural values. Folk heroes (e.g., Frederick Barbarossa in Germany, the Cid in Spain, Robin Hood in England, Cuchulain in Ireland, Paul Bunyan in the United States, and Yü in China) have been said to reflect the civilization from which they sprang. Many theories have arisen to explain folk tales—Max Müller, a philologist, interpreted the legends as linguistic corruptions; Jakob Grimm saw them as corrupted cosmic allegories; the German school considered them as personified elements of nature; Edward Tylor and Andrew Lang held them to be survivals from a savage society; Freud and the psychoanalytical school found them fraught with sexual symbolism. Folklore has become increasingly important in the study of primitive societies and in understanding the history of mankind. Almost every country has a folklore society which collects, analyzes, and publishes folk material (e.g., in the United States the American Folklore Society publishes the Journal of American Folklore). For further information, see games, children'sgames, children's,
amusements or pastimes involving more than one child and in which there is some sort of formalized dramatic element, contest, or plot. Games are a cultural universal; for example, the string play called Cat's Cradle is common to cultures as varied as Eskimo,
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; monsters and imaginary beasts in folkloremonsters and imaginary beasts.
The mythologies and legends of ancient and modern cultures teem with an enormous variety of monsters and imaginary beasts. A great number of these are composites of different existing animals or of human beings and animals.
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; mythologymythology
[Greek,=the telling of stories], the entire body of myths in a given tradition, and the study of myths. Students of anthropology, folklore, and religion study myths in different ways, distinguishing them from various other forms of popular, often orally transmitted,
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See C. L. Daniels and C. M. Stevans, ed., Encyclopedia of Superstitions, Folklore, and the Occult Sciences of the World (1971); D. Emrich, Folklore on the American Land (1972); R. M. Dorson, ed., Folklore and Folklife: An Introduction (1972); T. P. Coffin and H. Cohen, Folklore from the Working Folk of America (1973); R. M. Dorson, America in Legend (1974); A. Dundes, Analytic Essays in Folklore (1975).


1. the unwritten literature of a people as expressed in folk tales, proverbs, riddles, songs, etc.
2. the body of stories and legends attached to a particular place, group, activity, etc.
3. the anthropological discipline concerned with the study of folkloric materials
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Dr Inas Abdel-Dayyem, head of Cairo Opera House, the organiser of the festival, one of its aims is to explore, document and promote folkloric heritage.
Salama ten years ago and is considered a new style of folkloric music.
TM: Yes, I basically learned to play and understand the intricacies of the rhythms of Puerto Rico in the streets of Villa Palmera, a section of Santurce known as an incubator and home of the folkloric culture of the island.
The concerts will present a selection of works from the 'Who Knows' album along with some famous folkloric Azeri songs," he added.
In true folkloric tradition, it is meant to be read aloud.
Al-Said, a locality in Shabwa governorateCOs Awlaqi district, is richly endowed with folklore, including folkloric songs which remain prevalent there, endlessly handed down for generations.
Hamdan, who owns a shop for antiques and folkloric souvenirs in Sidon, said he has to import the hats from Turkey and Syria as the last tarboush maker in Sidon stopped production 25 years ago.
Moreover, traditional folkloric dances reflecting the cultural variety of different regions of Turkey will be performed by Turkish folkloric dancers during the festival", said the minister.
Guests enjoyed a mariachi performance and an appearance by the Bajucol Colombian Folkloric Dance Group.
But in a goodwill gesture, the University of Colima Folkloric Ballet decided to put on an impromptu show for staff at the steel giant's Dormanstown Sports and Social Centre.
Segun Eberto Amador, fundador del Colombia Folkloric Ballet en Houston "Colombia ofrece una riqueza social, cultural y una diversidad de fauna y flota, diferente a la de otros paises".
Rough hewn chestnut palings held together with wire form a horizontally ribbed, rustic rainscreen that gives the assemblage of volumes an arresting, folkloric quality.