fonio


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fonio,

annual plant, genus Digitaria, of the grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family (Poaceoe). Native to Senegal, it is a type of milletmillet,
common name for several species of grasses cultivated mainly for cereals in the Eastern Hemisphere and for forage and hay in North America. The principal varieties are the foxtail, pearl, and barnyard millets and the proso millet, called also broomcorn millet and hog
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 grown as a staple grain throughout the Sahel region of West Africa, where it has been cultivated for more than 5,000 years. Its seeds are gluten free, a good source of protein, fiber, and iron, and contain significant amounts of methionine and cysteine, two amino acids missing from most other grains. Fonio is fast growing and drought resistant, and can be raised in infertile soil; up to three crops a year may be grown. The grain, whether white (D. exilis) or black (D. iburua), has a light texture and a nutty flavor. Fonio is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Toujours dans la Cite des rails, le kg du riz importe brise et du mil pile a coute 350 Fcfa, contre 600 pour le niebe et le kilo du fonio.
"We offered her a job at the fonio farm and now she has been making a stable income for four years and has been able to send her children to school - all by herself," she added.
Br.], fonio, and tef, a tiny-seeded staple food in Ethiopia, are dominantly cultivated in semiarid areas of Asia and Africa due to their extreme tolerance to moisture deficit [72, 73].
Odeku, "Evaluation of the disintegrant properties of native and modified forms of fonio and sweet potato starches," Starch/Staerke, vol.
Ogunkanmi, "Optimization of protocols for DNA extraction and RAPD analysis in West African fonio (Digitaria exilis and Digitaria iburua) germplasm characterization," African Journal of Biotechnology, vol.
Physical and sensory characteristics of sugar cookies containing mixtures of wheat, fonio (Digitaria exilis) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) flours.
Kees Boersma, Rosamunde van Brakel, Chiara Fonio and Pieter Wagenaar (eds.), 186204.
The area had been home to a host of African shops selling palm oil and fonio, and restaurants which cooked djebu jen.
Fonio, a couscous-like grain eaten in Senegal, Nigeria and other West African countries, and which is said to be the oldest cultivated grain in the world, is coming to America.
In recent years, grains such as quinoa, fonio and millet--long harvested by indigenous and rural communities in developing countries but increasingly overlooked by a younger, richer generation that prefers imported foods --have instead grown in popularity in developed countries.
In recent years, grains such as quinoa, fonio and millet-long harvested by indigenous and rural communities in developing countries but increasingly overlooked by a younger, richer generation that prefers imported food -have instead grown in popularity in developed countries.
12) qui designe une sorte de bouille tres consistant obtenue en melangeant de la farine de cereales, en particulier de sorgho ou de mais, de mil, de fonio avec de l'eau chaude.