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(fŏn`tənĕl'): see skullskull,
the skeletal structure of the head, composed of the facial and cranial bones. The skull houses and protects the brain and most of the chief sense organs; i.e., the eyes, ears, nose, and tongue.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



one of the remains of the membranous skeleton that unite the bones of the skull in a newborn infant. The fontanels enable the head of the fetus to be compressed as it passes through the birth canal. The anterior fontanel—the junction of the frontal and temporal bones—closes in the second year of life. The posterior fontanel, which is located at the site where the occipital and temporal bones join, closes before or shortly after birth, as do the mastoid and sphenoidal fontanels. Delayed closing of the fontanels is observed in rickets and a number of other diseases.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(chiefly US), fontanel
Anatomy any of several soft membranous gaps between the bones of the skull in a fetus or infant
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
On the dysmorphic examination, dolichocephaly, large anterior fontanel, prominent forehead and glabella, hypertelorism, macrophthalmic-proptotic appearance, flattened nasal root, antevert nostrils, small nose, low, posterior and displaced ears, microretrognatia, short philtrum, fish mouth, high and narrow palate, secondary alveolar arch, pectus carinatum (Figure 1).
Table 1: Table showing mean standard deviation (SD) and percentiles (PC) for birth weight, head circumference (HC), crown-heel length (CHL), anterior fontanel area (AFA), New Ballard Score (NBS), and gestational age (GA) (n = 445).
Caption: Figure 1: Coarse facial features with midface retraction, frontal bossing, bitemporal narrowing, wide anterior fontanel, low nasal bridge, abdominal distention, and bilateral talipes equinovarus are shown in physical characteristics of the baby.
Strasbourg mayor Alain Fontanel, said via Twitter there were several injuries "and possible deaths." France 3 and other news organizations reported five have died.
Ranying then helped Raja Bunu by giving the statue the ability to talk by blowing wind into it through the anterior cranial fontanel. As a result, after having received Ranying's "breath of wind" the earthen body gained "complete life" (i.e., not only animation but also consciousness).
Changes in anterior fontanel pressure in preterm neonates during tracheal intubation.
A total of 700 cases were included in the study with clinical symptoms and signs of sepsis like fever, lethargy, poor feeding, jaundice, hypothermia, poor perfusion, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal distension, prolong capillary refill, weak or excessive cry, grunting, apnea, bulging anterior fontanel or any maternal risk factor like maternal pyrexia (within first week of prenatal and 48 hours of postnatal, foul smelling vaginal discharge, PROMgreater than 18hours, maternal UTI in last month, or instrumental delivery.
And big heads accompanied by obvious physical exam findings, like a bulging fontanel, or a baby that's hard to wake, or a baby that's often fussy or irritable or vomiting--those need a big workup, pronto.
One of the material's potentials was highlighted in a new decoration technology developed by DuPont and Oriol & Fontanel. The process, which was used on La Petite Robe Noire by Guerlain, involves over molding transparent Surlyn resin on a container adorned with a textile, resulting in an attractive and textural effect, which truly makes the consumer want to reach out and touch it.
The first piko is the fontanel, the soft spot on a newborn's forehead, the place where your 'aumakua guardian spirit sits.
On September 25, 1997, shortly after 10 a.m., two Mossad combatants approached Hamas official Khaled Mashaal and released into his ear a potentially fatal dose of a synthetic opiate called Fontanel, according to foreign sources.