food vacuole


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Related to food vacuole: gallbladder, contractile vacuole, pseudopod

food vacuole

[′füd ‚vak·yə‚wōl]
(cell and molecular biology)
A membrane-bound organelle in which digestion occurs in cells capable of phagocytosis. Also known as heterophagic vacuole; phagocytic vacuole.
References in periodicals archive ?
Falcipain-II and falcipain-III are reported as haem degradation metabolizing enzymes responsible for initiating the degradation of host erythrocyte haemoglobin inside the food vacuole of the parasite.
Four plasmepsins are active in Plasmodium falciparum food vacuole, including a protease with an active-site histidine.
enterica bacteria encased in food vacuoles and that the still-encased, expelled bacteria can better resist food sanitation.
Paramecia can expose students to many organelles that they wouldn't normally have the opportunity to see, such as oral grooves, food vacuoles, cilia, macronuclei, and, in some cases, trichocysts.
It is very important to study comprehensively the contents of the food vacuoles of the ciliate, to find out whether there is competition for food between C.
Since the center of gravity would shift in relation to the content and the distribution of organelles such as food vacuoles, it is probable that in the sedimentation equilibrium experiments, the intracellular distribution of the organelle was reorganized by gravity during long-lasting sedimentation of Triton-permeabilized cells through the sucrose density gradient (Fukui and Asai, 1980), or by a large centrifugal acceleration (100 X g, Taneda et al.
Ciliate prey can be readily observed in food vacuoles within macrostomes.
Most wood decomposition in the digestive tract of subterranean termite workers (family Rhinotermitidae) occurs in food vacuoles of flagellate protozoan symbionts in the hindgut (Radek, 1999).
Using electron micrographs, the scientists have viewed bacteria entrapped in food vacuoles within algal cells.
Food vacuoles were prevalent inside of digestive cells of field-collected hydroids within a few hours after sunset and throughout the night, coinciding with digestion of captured demersal plankton.

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