football hooliganism


Also found in: Wikipedia.

football hooliganism

the violent crowd disorder, and associated football-related disturbances away from football grounds, which first attracted major public and media attention in the 1960s. After initial attempts to explain football violence in terms of the psychological characteristics of the ‘hooligans’ (Harrington, 1968), more recently a variety of sociological explanations have been suggested:
  1. opposition to the commercialization of football and the growing distance between players and the owners of clubs on the one hand, and ordinary working-class supporters on the other (Taylor, 1971);
  2. rather than ‘true’ violence, behaviour which appears disordered and threatening in fact often has its own ‘rules of disorder’: is ritualized (Marsh et al., 1978);
  3. deriving from LABELLING THEORY and DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION (see Cohen, 1973), ‘hooliganism’ is seen as a media-amplified MORAL PANIC;
  4. since football violence has a long history increased modern attention to it is a reflection of a ‘civilizing’ tendency in society which has resulted in a lower societal tolerance of violence of the kind long associated with working-class conceptions of masculinity but now socially unacceptable (Dunning et al., 1988) (see also CIVILIZING PROCESS.

Arguably, each of these explanations has some justification.

References in periodicals archive ?
An expelled university student falls in with a young man who introduces him to the dog-eat-dog world of violent football hooliganism.
Football hooliganism - booze definitely fuelled my dad's violence.
The King affirmed that football hooliganism is rejected.
When asked about the football hooliganism incident on May 23 at Limassol between AEL and Apollon football fans, he admitted to mistakes being made on the part of the police.
A SPECIAL "war cabinet" was set up in the 1980s to tackle rural violence and football hooliganism.
The Moroccan government on Wednesday announced a series of preventive and punitive measures to face football hooliganism.
At a time when football hooliganism is on the rise, the last thing we need in the game is to be soft on it.
A BLUES fan jailed for alleged football hooliganism will face no further charges over trouble at the Euro 2004 tournament.
A statement from Keith McIntyre, the publisher's managing director, said: "Berkshire Media Group wish to apologise unreservedly for appearing to link football hooliganism with the Hillsborough tragedy on our front page of this week's issue.
According to the Sydney Morning Herald, some 20 personnel are members of the ADL; and the hardline English Defence League is known for its links to football hooliganism and violent street marches.
Football hooliganism fears at Billingham RESIDENTS feared that a proposal by Billingham Social Club to make part of the playing fields in Bedford Terrace into a football ground with a stand, changing rooms, boundary fence and floodlights, could bring football hooliganism to the Cowpen Lane estate.
JUST when you thought football hooliganism was on the wane, riot police are called to break up a mass brawl on the pitch.