The distance of the apex of the uncinate process to intervertebral foramen
were measured (Kocabiyik et al.).
In our sample, the frequency of single apical foramen
was highest in the distal root (76.76%) followed by two foramina (23.24%).
Among various anatomical landmarks in the human skull, the mental foramen
is regarded as a stable landmark on the mandible.
The Inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) courses through mandibular canal and exits from the body area on each side of mandible through the Mental Foramen
(MF) as mental nerve1.
The metoptic canal and Warwick's foramen
The first was CLOSURE I (Evaluation of the STARFlex Septal Closure System in Patients with a Stroke and/or Transient Ischemic Attack due to Presumed Paradoxical Embolism through a Patent Foramen
CT imaging with or without contrast confirms the diagnosis by demonstrating the ureter in the greater sciatic foramen
posterolateral to the ischial spine and anterior to the piriformis.
However, they also noted that trials of patent foramen
ovale closures as a treatment for migraine have not shown success in reducing migraine frequency and, therefore, argued against patent foramen
ovale as being a major confounder.
enlargement ratio = Modified knee-chest position − prone position/prone position.
As the vertebral artery passes through FT, variations in vertebral artery might lead to variations in foramen
. Hence, it can be interpreted that the variations in the course of the vertebral arteries will lead to variations in FT.
The soft tissue occupying the outer and inner openings of the foramen
and surrounding its content was also cleaned to measure its dimensions and to follow the contents to their origin points.