The empty N 2p state mainly contributes to the impurity energy levels in the forbidden band. The Si 3s electrons appear in the range (-7)-(-6.5) eV in the Sis(Ti) model (Figure 3(b)).
The N-doped Ti[O.sub.2] showed a redshifted intrinsic absorption edge due to the band gap narrowing and the absorption had extended into the visible and infrared (IR) regions, owing also to the N 2p impurity energy level that occurs in the forbidden band mentioned previously in Section 3.3.
Note that, as the emitted frequency of the QPAB is detuned deep inside the forbidden band region ([delta]/[beta] = -5 and -10), the energy-relaxation rates exhibit negative values in the initial period of relaxation.
The frequency range of this forbidden band is tunable through the array parameters and applying external flux.
For the absorption of photons by this band, the energy of the photons representing the region of the width of the forbidden band
can be calculated using
It is more important that the transmission band begins to form; forbidden band
can clearly be seen in the transmission spectra from Figure 3(b).
Initial results show that this structure has a number of unexpected features, including an extra forbidden band
There is increasing interest into deposition of ternary derivative materials due to their potential for designing and tailoring not only the lattice parameters, but also the forbidden band
gap energy [E.sub.g], by means of the growth parameters [1, 2].
In such a case the allowed and forbidden bands
are clearly separated.
The quadrupole interaction is a just theoretical artifact so far, he admits, but it explains the appearance of forbidden bands
arising in a great number of experiments on symmetrical molecules with surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS).
Photonic crystals are analogous to semiconductors, in that both create forbidden bands
: regions in the energy spectrum where information carriers (electrons/holes or photons) cannot exist.
Such forbidden bands
are called Photonic Band Gaps (PBG) which is similar to the electronic band gaps for electrons in semiconductors [8,9].