The negative impulse represents the area under force-time
curve (Brady et al., 2017) during deceleration sub-phase.
Sakagami et al., "Optimal force-time
integral for pulmonary vein isolation according to anatomical wall thickness under the ablation line," Journal of the American Heart Association, vol.
To date, different analysis systems have been developed, which use predominantly force-time
(6), flight-time (7), or video data (8) to determine the vertical jump height.
These instruments provide time-series data regarding product deformation, allowing a wide range of texture attributes to be calculated from force-time
or force-displacement data.
Each participant lied down in a prone position on a chiropractic table and was subjected to four different SMT force-time
The output of the impulse hammer and the system, which were force-time
and acceleration-time histories, were recorded on the data acquisition system.
When replayed afterwards, each video frame is automatically synchronised with the data points on the force-time
graph, allowing graph events to be related simply to visual events on the product.
The individual force-time
integrals of the ISIT device under constant separation acceleration are known as the ink tack pull-off curves during tack rise.
(P-t) and force-displacement (P-h) data are shown in Fig.
Impacts are performed at 1 m/sec on specimens of varying thickness, and force-time
curve data is generated by the Ceast DAS 4000 instrumented impact system.
data during the actual impact are stored by a high-speed data-acquisition system.