forces of production

forces of production

(MARXISM) the material bases of production, including raw materials, tools and instruments, sometimes also including the technical division of labour. The term is often equivalent to the MEANS OF PRODUCTION, although this concept may be narrower, excluding the technical division of labour. See also MODE OF PRODUCTION, RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION.
References in periodicals archive ?
These changes go beyond a mere restructuring and reorganization of global economy and markets and are characterized by a complete transformation and remodeling of use values in the form of labour and in the forces of production --the dematerialized form of labour in which we act in order to produce goods and construct our world.
As the Filippov documentation and its spin-offs discovered--nearly forty years ahead of mainstream Marxism--the biopolitical contexts of byt, or "everyday life," may fall outside the categories of classical political economy, but they are critical for the maintenance of living labor power and thus of the forces of production in general.
This is a point famously made by Marx in his Preface to A Contribution to a Critique of Political Economy: 'In the social production of their existence, men (sic) inevitably enter into definite relations, which are independent of their will, namely relations of production appropriate to a given stage in the development of their material forces of production.
Raised originally by Marx to resound within the setting of the Napoleonic Wars, during which time the bourgeoisie not only facilitated the transition in France between the Terror ("permanent war") and "permanent revolution" but also helped to crush its very momentum by artificially creating a famine that eventually delayed the Russian campaign, bringing the machinery of revolution to a halt, the term implies not so much a revolutionary class in itself as a kind of historical agency, an always fluctuating titration of the "decisive forces of production.
The New Atlantis is a utopia of the forces of production which also reveals More's Utopia to have been a utopia of the relations of production (289).
Such information reveals the printed word to have been an industrial product on par with pig iron or steel and equally susceptible to the forces of production.
This is unfortunate because peoples' movements--on a historically significant scale--are formed only around such fundamental changes in the social forces of production
The new military forces of production were straining to break out of their archaic relations of production.
Marx had demonstrated that poverty and exploitation arose Out of wage-slavery, where wage-slavery was an inevitable product of the development of the forces of production.
The corporate forces of production and patronage favour an impersonal, abstract, semi-Classical sobriety.
Credit extends the here and now by mobilizing vast untapped resources; credit thus deploys and transmits ever faster and more volatile forces of production.
Even if, for the bourgeois conception of autonomy, this art counts as a realm outside the usual forces of production, Genzken makes it clear that the place of art will never be completely other--without, however, drawing the conclusion that this specific logic of production should be abandoned.