forces of production

forces of production

(MARXISM) the material bases of production, including raw materials, tools and instruments, sometimes also including the technical division of labour. The term is often equivalent to the MEANS OF PRODUCTION, although this concept may be narrower, excluding the technical division of labour. See also MODE OF PRODUCTION, RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION.
References in periodicals archive ?
For Marx, the unwillingness to systematically interrogate the history of industry and exchange made his contemporaries erroneously consider forces of production to be "a world for themselves, quite independent and divorced from the individuals" (95).
Considering German theorist Ernest Mandel's observation about Marx's notion of the contradictory capitalist machine that the forces of production are steadily transforming into forces of destruction--it's fitting that Maridet sites his project in the Arctic Circle, where the environmental consequences of globalism are so starkly evident.
These changes go beyond a mere restructuring and reorganization of global economy and markets and are characterized by a complete transformation and remodeling of use values in the form of labour and in the forces of production --the dematerialized form of labour in which we act in order to produce goods and construct our world.
This is a point famously made by Marx in his Preface to A Contribution to a Critique of Political Economy: 'In the social production of their existence, men (sic) inevitably enter into definite relations, which are independent of their will, namely relations of production appropriate to a given stage in the development of their material forces of production.
Moreover, he offers us the general caveat, modeled on Marx's distinction between the social relations of production and the forces of production themselves, that we should be focused on the social relations of mobility without fetishizing the various forms of mobility themselves.
Raised originally by Marx to resound within the setting of the Napoleonic Wars, during which time the bourgeoisie not only facilitated the transition in France between the Terror ("permanent war") and "permanent revolution" but also helped to crush its very momentum by artificially creating a famine that eventually delayed the Russian campaign, bringing the machinery of revolution to a halt, the term implies not so much a revolutionary class in itself as a kind of historical agency, an always fluctuating titration of the "decisive forces of production.
Such information reveals the printed word to have been an industrial product on par with pig iron or steel and equally susceptible to the forces of production.
This is unfortunate because peoples' movements--on a historically significant scale--are formed only around such fundamental changes in the social forces of production
Marx said that the historical justification of capitalism was to develop the forces of production.
Marx had demonstrated that poverty and exploitation arose Out of wage-slavery, where wage-slavery was an inevitable product of the development of the forces of production.
The corporate forces of production and patronage favour an impersonal, abstract, semi-Classical sobriety.
In all three of his books, Goldstene attempts to locate sources and processes of countervailence within the forces of production that will neutralize positions of superior power.