Foregrounding Techniques in LING 131 Language and Style Lectures
Any deviation from these rules, then, will constitute external deviation and will result in foregrounding. The next section concentrates on the ways in which LING 131 deviates externally from the prototypical lecture.
The two-lecturer format deviates from point (d) in Gibbs et al.'s list (19), which states that students assume a lecture to consist of one person lecturing continually for approximately one hour, thus creating a degree of foregrounding. There are several reasons for adopting the two-lecturer approach.
Additionally, having one lecturer stand at the back of the lecture theater deviated from the norm in lectures of the lecturer standing at the front, and this added to the foregrounding effect.
Simply introducing visual aids is one way of deviating from this format, thereby foregrounding aspects of the talk.
The slides serve the purpose of foregrounding particular parts of the text associated with point of view, and illustrating the effect that the author's choice of linguistic structures has.
The additional challenge, then, is to achieve internal deviation--whereby the norms established for LING 131 lectures are deviated from--in order to maintain the surprise element that comes about via foregrounding. This is the focus of the following section.
The light-hearted nature of these performances coupled with the fact that the students are able to witness lecturers behaving in a manner perhaps not normally associated with what undergraduates often perceive as the gravity of academia has the effect of foregrounding the presenta tion and, arguably, making the lecture more memorable as a result.
Opportunities for foregrounding in the presentation of material can also be found in the section of the course that deals with prose fiction.
Visual aids are particularly effective in foregrounding elements of a lecture, and perhaps the most well remembered on LING 131 comes during the lecture on sound symbolism in poetry.
There are, then, numerous non-linguistic ways in which foregrounding can be brought about in a lecture.
In this sense LING 131 really does foreground foregrounding. However, it should be apparent by now that the teaching methodology used on LING 131 is not limited to teaching stylistics and could, with a little imagination, be easily applied to lectures in other disciplines.