Forensic Psychiatry


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Forensic Psychiatry: forensic psychology

forensic psychiatry

[fə¦renz·ik sī′kī·ə·trē]
(forensic science)
A branch of psychiatry dealing with legal issues related to mental disorders.

Forensic Psychiatry

 

a branch of psychiatry that studies disturbances of human psychic activity with respect to certain norms of criminal and civil law and norms of procedure representing the attitude of the law toward persons who are mentally ill or suspected of being mentally deficient. Accordingly, forensic psychiatry investigates first of all the medical, or psychiatric, grounds on the basis of which a person may be held not accountable for his actions or incapable of assuming civil rights and performing civic duties. Under Soviet criminal law, a deed committed in a state of nonimputability (seeNONIMPUTABILITY) is not considered a crime and the perpetrator is not considered a criminal. Other subjects of study by forensic psychiatry are witnesses and victims whose mental soundness is in question.

In the field of civil procedure, the task of forensic psychiatry is to determine whether a plaintiff or a defendant can understand the significance of his actions and control them; a basis is provided for the court to rule on a person’s competence, on the need to establish guardianship, or on the validity of transactions concluded during a period of mental derangement. The presence or absence of mental illness and the degree of mental disturbance caused by the illness are determined by commissions of forensic psychiatric review appointed by the investigating authorities or by the court.

In addition to providing such psychiatric appraisals, another task of forensic psychiatry is the study, for preventive purposes, of socially dangerous acts committed by mentally ill persons; medical intervention, including compulsory treatment of the mentally ill, is an important part of such prevention.

In the USSR, commissions of forensic psychiatric review are under the jurisdiction of the public-health authorities. Scientific and methodological guidance for forensic psychiatry is provided by the Professor Serbskii Central Scientific Research Institute of Forensic Psychiatry.

REFERENCES

Lunts, D. R. Sovetskaia sudebnaia psikhiatriia. Moscow, 1970.
Sudebnaia psikhiatriia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1971.

D. R. LUNTS

References in periodicals archive ?
The Forensic Psychiatry Department of CPH provides visiting generic and forensic psychiatric service to the SLPC.
How I did it: Five years at Birmingham University before studying psychiatry and forensic psychiatry at Edinburgh University.
Curry has 10 years' nursing experience, including three years in forensic psychiatry, dealing with predominantly male murderers and observing the effects of violence on the family and on children.
Geller, "Arson in Review," Clinical Forensic Psychiatry 15, no.
Kaplan of the center for forensic psychiatry at the University of Michigan, Ann Ar bor.
Anderson is board certified in general psychology and subspecialties geriatric psychiatry and forensic psychiatry and has served as the chair of the Communications and Marketing Committee of the American Association for Geriatric Psychology.
Beijing's two-year-old campaign to crush the Falun Gong spiritual movement has focused fresh attention on the Chinese regime's misuse of forensic psychiatry to suppress dissent.
As part of the BOP outreach program, Johnson developed training programs with local universities in forensic psychiatry and psychiatric residency.
In April, at the annual symposium of the American College of Forensic Psychiatry, held on Sanibel Island, Fla., Danto reported on some of his more recent work in the field.
Dr Kavin Kit-wan Chow, Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Castle Peak Hospital
Prof David Alexander spoke on neuroscience and spirituality and Dr Tariq Mehmood Hassan on establishing Forensic Psychiatry Services in Pakistan.

Full browser ?