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, formol
a 40 per cent solution of formaldehyde in water, used as a disinfectant, preservative for biological specimens, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Formol), an aqueous (usually 37–40 percent) solution of formaldehyde containing 4–12 percent methanol as a stabilizer; a colorless liquid with a characteristic pungent odor. During prolonged storage, especially in the cold, Formalin becomes cloudy as a result of the formation of a white precipitate— paraformaldehyde. It is used as a convenient source of formaldehyde, for example, in the preparation of polyvinyl formal. It is also used as an antiseptic and deodorant, for example, to disinfect dwellings, clothing, utensils, and hands, to preserve anatomical specimens, and for syringing. It is used in the tanning of leather and as a fungicide in the germination of seeds, tubers, and spermous root crops before sowing or planting.

Formalin is a component of formaldehyde paste and formidron, which are administered to persons suffering from hi-drosis, and lizoform, which is used for syringing and for disinfecting hands and dwellings. Formalin has a moderate toxic effect on humans and warm-blooded animals. [27–1609–1 ]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An aqueous solution of formaldehyde, usually 37% formaldehyde by weight.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
After tests confirmed the presence of formalin in fish, the Goa government had banned the import of fish from outside the state.
It is known that properly implemented cadaveric fixation processes using formalin, ethanol, and phenol eliminate the presence and growth of bacteria, even though some viruses such as hepatitis, HIV, and prions could remain active.
The effective therapeutic concentration (ETC) was measured as the formalin percentage of effectiveness against prevalence and abundance for every concentration, and it was calculated using the subtraction of PREV and ABUND in each concentration and values of the control group (Fajer-Avila et al., 2007).
Therefore, this study explored the effects of formalin and ultraviolet treatments on the bacteria flora in rearing water and the survival of Penaeus monodon.
Massive haemorrhage of inoperable bladder carcinomas: treatment by intravesical formalin solution.
Authorities seized the round scad from freezers inside 70 container vans at the Navotas Fish Port after the fish tested positive for formalin.
In these animals, formalin (20 [micro]L of 2.5% formalin) was injected sc into the right hind paw.
"What disturbs my conscience is that the designated officer Iva Fernandes, an honest and upright person, conducted the formalin tests on fish and gave her factual findings, bringing to light the criminal activities [slow poisoning] of the fish mafia that endangers the life of every Goan," D'Mello said in the letter to Sardesai.
His expertise is to import rice with weevils ('bukbok') and 'galunggong' with formalin.
Earlier, fishermen belonging to the Pambansang Lakas ng Kilusang Mamalakaya ng Pilipinas warned that the importation may lead to the flooding of the market with fish laced with formalin to preserve freshness.
Chemicals: Carrageenan (SigmaChemicals Co, St Louis, MO, USA), diclofenac sodium (Olive Laboratories National Industrial Zone Rawat, Islamabad), ethanol, formalin (37% v/v), and xylene (Merck, Darmstadt, Germany).
It was added that formalin was found in the milk which is a colourless solution of formaldehyde, used chiefly as a preservative for biological specimens.-Staff Reporter.

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