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(of tissues and cells in certain parts of an organism) capable of growth and differentiation



a component of a word that is isolated when a word is divided into meaningful units, or morphemes, but that does not itself have any independent meaning. A formative may be used to connect morphemes in a word, as in the connecting vowel -o- in Russian compound words, for example, vod-o-voz (“water carrier”). Formatives also form stems with a regular morphophonemic structure; in Russian, for example, a jot is added to foreign stems ending in a front vowel, as in the adjectives šosse-j-nyj (“highway”) and čili-j-skij (“Chilean”). Formatives may also be used to impart a regular phonological structure to a word; in Bidjandjara, an Australian language, the formative -ra- is added to stems ending in a consonant, since words may not end in a consonant in this language. The term “formative” is sometimes used in a broader sense as a synonym of “affix.”

References in periodicals archive ?
The final e in the gerund markers meske and meke is also considered as a harmonic formative defined by the previous vowel e (i.
12) However, the harmonic formative should not be confused with those final o and e that are stressed and therefore do not follow the vowel harmony rule: sopke 'aspen', kino 'cinema'.
Correlations between the segmental structure and the accentuation characteristics of a formative
If there are no full vowels in a formative (of any type), the formative is weak.
As there are no other full vowels in inflectional markers with the harmonic formative o or o, and the latter one is always weak, any marker containing o or o cannot be stressed.
The presence of a and e in an inflectional formative does not indicate its accentuation characteristics, cf.
However, since adverbs cannot be declined, there is no accentually independent criteria that proves the existence of the harmonic formative (opposite to nouns where the harmonic formative is easily revealed through oblique case forms).
b) Defining the accentuation characteristics of each formative (weak or strong) with the help of Table 10.
This formative is also important for the description of the Mari morphophonological system in general.
8) Previous works on Mari did not operate with the harmonic formative.