formyl group


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Related to formyl group: formaldehyde, anhydride

formyl group

(fôr`mĭl), in chemistry, functional groupfunctional group,
in organic chemistry, group of atoms within a molecule that is responsible for certain properties of the molecule and reactions in which it takes part. Organic compounds are frequently classified according to the functional group or groups they contain.
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 that consists of a carbonyl groupcarbonyl group
, in chemistry, functional group that consists of an oxygen atom joined by a double bond to a carbon atom. The carbon atom is joined to the remainder of the molecule by two single bonds or one double bond.
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 joined by a single bond to a hydrogen atom. Aldehydesaldehyde
[alcohol + New Lat. dehydrogenatus=dehydrogenated], any of a class of organic compounds that contain the carbonyl group, , and in which the carbonyl group is bonded to at least one hydrogen; the general formula for an aldehyde is RCHO, where R is hydrogen
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 are compounds that contain a formyl group joined by a single bond to a hydrogen atom, an alkyl groupalkyl group
, in chemistry, group of carbon and hydrogen atoms derived from an alkane molecule by removing one hydrogen atom (see radical). The name of the alkyl group is derived from the name of its alkane by replacing the -ane suffix with -yl, e.g.
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, or an aryl grouparyl group
, in chemistry, group of atoms derived from benzene or from a benzene derivative by removing one hydrogen that is bonded to the benzene ring (see radical). The simplest aryl group is phenyl, C6H5 ; it is derived from benzene.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Under this condition, oxidation is expected to involve the formyl group.
A pronounced change in the IR spectrum was observed with evidences of the conversion of the formyl group to the carboxylic group.
In addition, different one-carbon substituents can be present, including methyl and formimino groups at position N-5, formyl groups at either N-5 or N-10, or a methenyl or methylene bridge that connects these 2 positions (1).