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(fôrsĭth`ēə), common name for any member of the small genus Forsythia of the family Oleaceae (oliveolive,
common name for the Oleaceae, a family of trees and shrubs (including climbing forms) of warm temperate climates and of the Old World tropics, especially Asia and the East Indies.
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 family), European and Asian shrubs with abundant bell-shaped yellow flowers that appear before the leaves. They are easily cultivated and are used in hedges and borders. In some species the branches droop and in others they grow erect. Forsythia branches are often cut in early spring and forced into bloom indoors. Forsythia are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Scrophulariales, family Oleaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Oleaceae. Forsythias are deciduous shrubs with opposite leaves that are usually simple. The bright yellow flowers are usually solitary and grow in racemes; they sometimes grow in groups of two or three. They appear long before or simultaneously with the leaves. The fruit is a capsule with winged seeds. Of the genus’ seven species, F. europaea is native to southeastern Europe, and the rest are native to East Asia.

Forsythias are very beautiful in flower and are cultivated in many countries. In the USSR they are grown in the European portion of the country as far north as Leningrad, as well as in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. The species most often cultivated are F. suspensa and F. viridissima and their hybrid F. × intermedia. F. suspensa is used in Chinese folk medicine.


Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


any oleaceous shrub of the genus Forsythia, native to China, Japan, and SE Europe but widely cultivated for its showy yellow bell-shaped flowers, which appear in spring before the foliage
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
intermedia Lynwood - one of a number of hybrids between the lovely weeping Forsythia suspensa and the somewhat squat but upright F.
Forsythia suspensa - great against a wall because of its gentle arching branches where it can reach as much as 10ft or so.
My favourite is a tiny chap known as Forsythia viridissima Bronxensis.
1 tor weeping forsythia extract, we found that the content of FTA, one of the main active ingredients that possesses strong antibacterial, antioxidant and antiviral activities etc.
In our previous study, we found that ETA instead of phillyrin in weeping forsythia extract was survived good positive correlation between dose and effects of antibacterial, antioxidant and antiviral activities via pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model combined with PLS (partial least squares), and the antibacterial, antioxidant and antiviral effects were improved as the content of FTA in weeping forsythia extract was enhanced, and showing obvious correlation between dose of FTA and pharmacological effects.
Weeping forsythia extract was purchased from Jiangyin Tian-jiang Pharmaceutics Co.
Effect of absorption enhancers on the absorption of FTA in Weeping forsythia extract in Caco-2 cell monolayer model
Briefly, Forsythia suspensa extract from each serial dilution was placed into 5-mm wells of the plates seeded with the bioassay strain.
Forsythia suspensa extract alleviates hypersensitivity induced by soybean [beta]-conglycinin in weaned piglets.
The research of Forsythia suspensa on anti-inflammatory and relieving fever activities.
Some of the best known are as follows: Lynwood which is one of a number of hybrids between the lovely weeping Forsythia suspensa and the somewhat squat but upright F.
My favourite is a little tiny chap known as Forsythia viridissima Bronxensis.