forty-ninth parallel


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forty-ninth parallel

Canadian an informal name for the border with the USA, which is in part delineated by the parallel line of latitude at 49?N
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
While Metis and First Nations were busy frustrating the Indian/Half-breed identity borders imposed by colonial states, Hogue also chronicles the ability of Metis to undermine and remake the physical colonial boundaries at the forty-ninth parallel. Quoting one Canadian colonial official, Hogue notes Indigenous people called "the boundary the 'Medicine line' because no matter what they have done upon one side they feel perfectly secure after arrived upon the other" (p.
What is absent from the all too brief coda and Huhndorf's work generally is an overt acknowledgement of how the specifics of that biographical context intersect with and are integral to discussions of Native studies north of the forty-ninth parallel. While Huhndorf does reference selected critical works by Native writers and scholars who live and work in Canada, including Emma LaRocque, Cheryl Suzack, Daniel Heath Justice, and Simon Ortiz, I was surprised that she is not more familiar with a number of recent texts by Natives and non-Natives that speak quite directly to Huhndorf's key concerns.
An uninformed reader looking at this map would assume that groups such as the Assiniboines and Kootenais (Nichols's spelling) lived only south of the forty-ninth parallel. Moreover, the last map of the five maps provided in the book is incomplete; although reservations and reserves in both Canada and the United States are depicted on the map, only a select few are labeled.
American immigrants in Oregon, which bordered onto Canada, loudly clamoured for the assertion of United States sovereignty in that territory, which meant pushing the boundaries of the United States north past the forty-ninth parallel. Their ultimate ambition was to extend the border north to meet the Russian boundary of Alaska, thus eliminating the British presence on the Pacific coast.
In many aspects, the education of special librarians north of the forty-ninth parallel is no different from that of our neighbors to the south.
Immensely popular on both sides of the Atlantic in the mid-19th century, Sam Slick's sharp-tongued musings on the Nova Scotian realities of his day remain popular both for their local humor and for the lasting insight they provide into the continuing ambiguities of New World visions on both sides of the forty-ninth parallel.
North of the forty-ninth parallel business history will in all probability concern itself with entrepreneurship, regionalism, the labor process, and econonic imperialism.
Robert Chao Romero explores the smuggling of excluded Chinese labour into the United States through Mexico as well as Cuba between 1882 and 1916; Brenden Rensink examines cattle rustling and horse thieving in the Montanan borderlands during the early 1880s to demonstrate the transnational Crees' strategic use of the Forty-Ninth parallel as a tool of resistance; Sterling Evans focuses on the early twentieth-century smuggling of US-made binder twine into Canada within the broader context of the North American agricultural market system; George T.
Hamar Foster, who has devoted many years to the legal history of the early Canadian west, emphasizes that, contrary to those who have seen a great legal vacuum in the region, "there definitely was a distinctive legal regime north of the forty-ninth parallel and west of the Canadas." (p.
It would be helpful to see more direct comparisons of the North West Mounted Police and the US Army in relation to the Canadian-American border at the forty-ninth parallel. The Blackfoot tribes inhabited the emerging borderland and received very different treatment by the Mounties than at the hands of the US Army, with its massacre of Piegans on January 23, 1870, in Montana Territory.
Children of a common mother, as Vancouver's Peace Arch proclaims astride the forty-ninth parallel, how could the two countries have quarrelled over a line in the trees?
The forty-ninth parallel has figured prominently in discussions about Canadian-American relations since September 11, 2001.