fossil fuel


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fossil fuel:

see energy, sources ofenergy, sources of,
origins of the power used for transportation, for heat and light in dwelling and working areas, and for the manufacture of goods of all kinds, among other applications.
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; fuelfuel,
material that can be burned or otherwise consumed to produce heat. The common fuels used in industry, transportation, and the home are burned in air. The carbon and hydrogen in fuel rapidly combine with oxygen in the air in an exothermal reaction—one that liberates
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.
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fossil fuel

[¦fäs·əl ′fyül]
(geology)
Any hydrocarbon deposit that may be used for fuel; examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Fossil fuel

Any naturally occurring carbon-containing material which when burned with air (or oxygen) produces (directly) heat or (indirectly) energy. Fossil fuels can be classified according to their respective forms at ambient conditions. Thus, there are solid fuels (coals); liquid fuels (petroleum, heavy oils, bitumens); and gaseous fuels (natural gas, which is usually a mixture of methane, CH4, with lesser amounts of ethane, C2H6, hydrogen sulfide, H2S, and numerous other constituents in small proportions).

One important aspect of the fossil fuels is the heating value of the fuel, which is measured as the amount of heat energy produced by the complete combustion of a unit quantity of the fuel. For solid fuels and usually for liquid fuels the heating value is quoted for mass, whereas for gaseous fuels the heating value is quoted for volume. The heating values are commonly expressed as British thermal units per pound (Btu/lb). In SI units the heating values are quoted in megajoules per kilogram (MJ/kg). For gases, the heating values are expressed as Btu per cubic foot (Btu/ft3) or as megajoules per cubic meter (MJ/m3). The table gives heating values of representative fuels. See Energy sources

Heating values of representative fuels
Fossil fuel Btu/lb Btu/ft3 MJ/k MJ/m3
Natural gas 900 33.5
Petroleum 19,000 44.1
Heavy oil 18,000 41.8
Tar-sand bitumen 17,800 41.3
Coal
Lignite 8,000* 18.6
Subbituminous 10,500* 24.4
Bituminous 15,500* 36.0
Anthracite 15,000* 34.8
*Representative values are given because of the spread of subgroups with various heating values.
McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Engineering. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

fossil fuel

any naturally occurring carbon or hydrocarbon fuel, such as coal, petroleum, peat, and natural gas, formed by the decomposition of prehistoric organisms
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"Given the installed costs and the performance of today's renewable technologies, and the costs of conventional technologies," the report continued, "renewable power generation is increasingly competing head-to-head with fossil fuels, without financial support."
I've spent the better part of my life researching fossil fuels -- both their pros and their cons -- and I've come to an inescapable conclusion: Fossil fuels are morally praiseworthy -- and our lives would be better if we ramp up their use.
Alex Epstein is the author of The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels (Portfolio, Penguin) and founder of the Center for Industrial Progress.
So we lurch into a crash programme to cut fossil fuel use - and suddenly the market wakes up to the fact that a lot of those reserves will have to stay in the ground forever.
The pension funds of both of these institutions do however continue to invest in fossil fuel companies.
Cardiff council, the biggest employer in the pension fund, backed a motion on July 18 to call on the fund to withdraw investments from companies involved in fossil fuel extraction within the next five years.
Divestment activists argue that selling shares in fossil fuel companies would be in line with Harvard's ethical standards, send a message to other investors, and rid the endowment of stocks whose prospects are poor.
Concerns about the relevance or otherwise of fossil fuel have been an issue for discourse in Nigeria because Nigeria depends mainly on proceeds from crude oil exports and the country seems not seen as planning to divest from its reliance on crude oil proceeds.
California has already moved to get insurers to disclose their investments in fossil fuels.
More than 60 environmental, consumer and social justice organizations on Thursday delivered a petition to California Insurance Commissioner Ricardo Lara seeking what is believed would be the first regulations in the nation requiring insurance companies to disclose the fossil fuel projects they insure.
Meanwhile, the United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) is supporting Bhutan in its efforts to transition to electric vehicles to cut down on fossil fuel emissions.
M2 EQUITYBITES-March 15, 2019--Climate activists to put pressure on US insurers funding fossil fuel industry