Here you'll discover the world's most extensive Permian fossil reef
, the four highest peaks in Texas and an environmentally diverse collection of flora and fauna.
The researchers used sonar data collected in 2012 by the Schmidt Ocean Institute's research vessel Falkor which mapped the seafloor - including 10 fossil reef
sites - offshore Texas.
limestones can be potential reservoir rocks," said Prof Michaela.
Preliminary reports indicate natural and cultural National Heritage values right across the West Kimberley; including dinosaur footprints, prehistoric fossil reef
systems, the Mitchell Plateau which is a key refuge for ancient flora and fauna, as well as expansive cultural values including rock art, trade networks, shell beads and sites of Indigenous resistance to the arrival of European pastoralists and settlers.
South Pacific fossil reef
may offer corals safe haven: The discovery of an ancient coral reef the size of the Grand Canyon in the South Pacific may help to predict how coral will respond to future rises in sea temperature.
The whole range is actually a vast limestone fossil reef
dating back 250 million years.
builders include stromatolites, archaeocyathids, stromatoporoids, corals, brachiopods, bryozoans, sponges and many others.
While dominance in fossil reef
assemblages may differ from that of living reefs, this shift is mainly attributed to the fast growth and intense rubble production of branching corals (Edinger et al.
limestones can be potential reservoir rocks, said Prof Michaela Bernecker, associate professor at the Department of Applied Geosciences at GUtech.
Moreover, it is important to study coral and sponge limestone, since fossil reefs
can be potential petroleum reservoirs," said Prof.
He and colleagues sampled fossil reefs
like this one oil Great Inagua Island in the Bahamas.
In the world's first study of what happened to coral reefs when ocean levels sank to their lowest recorded level - over 120 metres below today's levels - a study carried out on eight fossil reefs
in Papua New Guinea's Huon Gulf region has concluded that a rich diversity of corals managed to survive, although they were different in composition to the corals under more benign conditions.