foster care


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foster care,

generally, care of children on a full-time, temporary basis by persons other than their own parents. Also known as boarding-home care, foster care is intended to offer a supportive family environment to children whose natural parents cannot raise them because of the parents' physical or mental illness, the child's behavioral difficulties, or problems within the family environment, e.g., child abusechild abuse,
physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment or neglect of children by parents, guardians, or others responsible for a child's welfare. Physical abuse is characterized by physical injury, usually inflicted as a result of a beating or inappropriately harsh discipline.
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, alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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, extreme poverty, or crime. Such children are usually wards of the state. They may be placed by a state-approved agency in group homes, institutions (such as residential treatment centers), or with families who receive some payment toward care. The child's parents may retain their parental rights, and the child may ultimately return home. Under permanent foster care the agency has guardianship; the child may then be available for adoptionadoption,
act by which the legal relation of parent and child is created. Adoption was recognized by Roman law but not by common law. Statutes first introduced adoption into U.S. law in the mid-19th cent.
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 by the foster parents or others. Foster care can also provide a supervised setting for adults with mental or emotional disabilities who cannot care adequately for themselves. The concept of foster care has been extended in recent years to include care for elderly persons, on a fee basis, in the homes of people who are not family members.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wendy's Founder Dave Thomas was himself adopted and founded the DTFA in 1992 to find permanent homes for the more than 130,000 children waiting in North America's foster care system.
Information will be gathered through home visits to foster care beneficiaries, meetings with stakeholders, focus groups with Professionals dealing directly with foster care, interviews with children in foster care as well as foster care parents.
In 2008, Congress gave states the option to extend foster care beyond 18, and receive federal reimbursement, with the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act.
The report links and analyzes individual student education and child welfare data to create a first-of-its-kind education snapshot of K-12 students in foster care in California.
Provided by the Newcastle United Foundation, this partnership enables young people with SWIIS Foster Care to benefit from coaching by FA qualified coaches and coaches holding a Coaching Disabled Footballers Award.
In June, about 13 percent of the 67,253 children in California's foster care system were living in group homes instead of preferred family environments, according to Lizelda Lopez, spokeswoman for the California Department of Social Services.
Arnold Schwarzenegger signed legislation that will extend foster care benefits to California youth ages 18 to 21 in an attempt to help solve this problem.
Liverpool-born Barber, who was in foster care for more than 10 years, said: "It is very important that we get potential foster and adoptive parents coming forward, as there are so many children out there who just want a loving, safe, stable home.
that is the medical home for children in foster care and nearby homeless shelters.
According to our survey results, key factors contributing to the proportion of African American children in foster care included a higher rate of poverty, challenges in accessing support services, racial bias and distrust, and difficulties in finding appropriate adoptive homes.
Those are some of the kinds of things at the top of the list that the advocacy community was in support of being able to put funding into to create healthier families so that children did not have to be removed from those families and put into foster care," said Janis Spire, executive director of the Alliance for Children's Rights.
Although she is used to receiving accolades, Rowell is most proud of the work she does on behalf of children in the foster care system.