According to the literature , foundation failure
on the Coal Line were observed during 1994~1995 on the Vryheid-Richard Bay section, approximately 20 years after its initial construction.
is a significant (and costly) problem in its own right.
It could be a bad design, or a faulty construction, or foundation failure
, or unexpected loads/ failure modes and a combination of causes.
To prevent thawing of the permafrost and subsequent foundation failure
, the building is completely isolated from the soil by an open air space of four feet or more.
Common causes of failure include excessive vacuum, excessive internal pressure, foundation failure
, brittle fracture, corrosion, change of service, and defects introduced by repairs and alterations.
LePatner, founder of the New York-based law firm LePatner & Associates LLP, is the author of Too Big to Fall: America's Failing Infrastructure and the Way Forward and Broken Buildings, Busted Budgets: How to Fix America's Trillion-Dollar Construction Industry, as well as the coauthor of Structural and Foundation Failures
LePatner--co-author of Structural & Foundation Failures
(McGraw Hill, 1982) and author of Broken Buildings, Busted Budgets: How to Fix America's Trillion-Dollar Construction Industry (University of Chicago Press; www.
Items featured in the document include an acceptable-risk approach to progressive collapse, a review of design methods used to enhance a building's resistance to progressive collapse, a look at progressive-collapse provisions in building standards around the world, and case studies of progressive-collapse events triggered by abnormal loading (where building integrity is compromised by unexpected hazards from explosions, aircraft or vehicle impacts, foundation failures
, construction errors, etc.
According to the Corps report, four of the levee breaks, which caused two-thirds of the flooding, were the result of foundation failures
Whereas, soil erosion and foundation failures
for most single to two-story buildings close to shorelines were due to high tsunami wave force.
Shortsightedness is what he blames many foundation failures
on: As long as the mission of your foundation is self-serving, people aren't going to flock to your door.