shotgun

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shotgun:

see small armssmall arms,
firearms designed primarily to be carried and fired by one person and, generally, held in the hands, as distinguished from heavy arms, or artillery. Early Small Arms

The first small arms came into general use at the end of the 14th cent.
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shotgun

[′shät‚gən]
(ordnance)
A smooth-bore shoulder weapon; the usual classes are riot gun, skeet gun, and sporting gun.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

shotgun

American football an offensive formation in which the quarterback lines up for a snap unusually far behind the line of scrimmage
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In the battles of Lexington and Concord in April 1775 Colonial militia armed with flintlock muskets and fowling pieces engaged British regular infantry for the first time and made the forced British withdrawal back to Boston a protracted and costly fight.
There are alternatives to steel for older guns, with excellent examples such as Classic Doubles from Environ-Metal and Tungsten Matrix from Kent Cartridge, and while many of us occasionally use them in our vintage fowling pieces, they are quite a bit more expensive than steel.
Then there were the almost 500,000 fowling pieces produced in the town.
The Wampanoag, seeking a military alliance, befriended the Europeans, who possessed formidable weapons with their muskets and fowling pieces. Two Indian men who knew how to speak English made the initial advances.