Framing

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framing

[′frām·iŋ]
(building construction)
(electronics)
Adjusting a television picture to a desired position on the screen of the picture tube.
Adjusting a facsimile picture to a desired position in the direction of line progression. Also known as phasing.
(mining engineering)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Framing

A system of rough timber structural woodwork that is joined together in order to support or enclose, such as partitions, flooring and roofing.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Framing

 

a system of beams supporting the inner and outer plating of a ship’s hull and forming its skeleton. The frame, which is welded or riveted to the plating, forms the basic coverings of a ship (the bottom, decks, sides, bulkheads, platforms, recesses). Together with other connections, it provides stability of a ship’s hull, both general (of the entire hull as a built-up hollow beam) and local (of separate coverings, beams, and plates); it serves as an index contour for the plating of the ship coverings; and it transmits to the supporting structures the loads received by the coverings.

Simple and built-up beams set at right angles to the hull form a transverse frame, those along the length of the hull form a longitudinal frame, and those set along transverse bulkheads form vertical and horizontal frames. A distinction is made among transverse, longitudinal, combined, and cellular systems of framing, depending on the direction of the majority of the beams of the frame (that is, the principal-direction beams).

Transverse framing beams that support the bottom plating are called floors, those supporting the side plating are called frames, and those supporting the decks are called beams. A frame, floor, and beam located in the same plane and connected by knees form a rib frame; the distance between adjacent rib frames is called the spacing. Frames and beams with larger cross sections, installed every few spacings, are called deep (or web) frames. Longitudinal framing beams, which support the shell plating and decking, are called longitudinal stiffeners, and reinforced, or web-type, longitudinal members are called stringers (along the bottom and side) and carlings, or deck girders (along the deck). Longitudinal stiffeners connected by knee plates to the vertical or horizontal stanchions and shelfs of the transverse bulkheads form the vertical or horizontal longitudinal frames. At the ends of the ship (in the bow and stern sections), the framing is secured at the bow and the stern, the structures that enclose the hull.

REFERENCE

Barabanov, N. V. Konstruktsiia korpusa morskikh sudov, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1969.

A. I. MAKSIMADZHI

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

framing

framing, 2 around an exterior wall opening
1. A system of structural woodwork.
2. The rough timber structure of a building, such as partitions, flooring, and roofing.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lin and Shen (2012) indicated that when promotion-focused individuals are matched with ads framed as a gain (i.e., positive framing), the ads are more persuasive.
We predicted that, when the product is hedonic, there would be no substantial difference in the effects of positive and negative framing on purchase intention and attitude toward the ad.
Hence, by suggesting the possibility of obtaining gains or avoiding losses by purchasing the product, positive framing can improve consumers' attitude toward the ad and increase purchase intention more effectively than can negative framing, which suggests forgoing gains or experiencing losses by not purchasing the product.
Attribute framing effects as explained by Mckechnie, Devlin, Ennew, and Smith (2012) occurs when a single attribute is framed in a factually equivalent manner, using different semantic cues (or phrases) in the information about the offer, yet one of them is more effective in stimulating a purchase than the others.
Goal framing effects occur when the result of doing (or not doing something) would stress positive or negative outcomes, an example is the time-limited price promotions (Devlin, Ennew, McKechnie, & Smith, 2007).
The present study investigated the presence of positive framing on the buying behavior of Filipino millennials since there is a scarcity of studies on consumer behavior of Filipino millennials, and most of which are surveys (Nielsen Philippines, 2013; Pew Research Center, 2010; Waggener Edstrom Communications Ltd., 2014).
Please tell us what you think about the new Art & Framing SOURCES and its Web site.
Additional copies of Art & Framing SOURCES are available for $5.
The basic course is a professional-level training course designed to teach the basics of picture framing, stressing hands-on, practical projects.
offers a three-day basic framing workshop, which includes all aspects of picture framing.
offers a three-day basic framing workshop, which includes all aspects of picture framing, including metal, wood and fillet cutting and joining.
The Framers' Inventory Education Center provides a full range of framing education services, from four-day basic skills and advanced skills classes to individual and on-site instruction.