As the initial assault began, the surprised Chickamauga were unable to react in-depth, barring the destruction of the Franklinite cannon.
In East Tennessee, the conclusion of' the 18th century was marked by a violent struggle between the European-descended Franklinites and the Chickamauga, IED by a cadre of Cherokee, Creek, and Shawnee war captains Generally labeled the Chickamauga Wars, the conflict spanned approximately two decades and resulted in a multitude of campaigns, battles, and skirmishes with much blood and treasure lost on both sides.
(10) However, in midyear due to the murder of a prominent Upper Cherokee chieftain by Franklinites while under a flag of truce, the Cherokee as a whole coalesced politically under Dragging Canoe and his Chickamauga agenda.
From this attack position, the Franklinites were able to identify the exact location of the camp by the smoke from its fires.
Leading the assault with a 100-man light cavalry contingent wielding swords, followed by dismounted tomahawk-men, the Franklinites began clearing the Chickamauga camp up the draw.
During the course of the battle, the Chickamauga were approaching the point of being able to gain the advantage in firepower over the Franklinites. Seeing his own disadvantage in firepower, Sevier chose to change the type of weapon system (from rifle to tomahawk and saber) for engaging the enemy and was forced to close the range with the Chickamauga to apply violence.
In the first half of the 19th century, to the extent that Franklin and Sterling Hill were thought of as zinc mines, the most avidly sought of their ore species was the bright red zincite (ZnO) that was often found as large masses and lenses in black franklinite, particularly at Sterling Hill.
In 1857 the first lawsuits of "The Great Franklinite Case" were filed, with five mining companies quarreling over mining rights, claim boundaries, and even the definition of "ore" and "ore mineral." The cultural tone was set for the next 40 years, while during this same period saner phenomena also flourished: eminent mineralogists came to study the Franklin and Sterling Hill mineral suites.
Though the Franklinites are the main characters of Barksdale's narrative, they are by no means the heroes.
A brief comparison of the Franklinites with the Green Mountain Boys or Pennsylvania's Wyoming Valley insurgents would have enhanced the significance of Barksdale's book as a study in post-Revolutionary governance.