Patients with RV infarction have higher incidence of cardiogenic shock, complete heart block, RV free wall
rupture, cardiac tamponade, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation, resulting in poor clinical outcomes in patients with Inferior wall MI9,10.
For football fans, the large flat screen TVs adorn virtually every free wall
, but are strategically placed higher than usual and angled downwards, in an effort to compromise with people who would rather just enjoy a nice pub meal while on holiday.
Pulsed wave TDI17 of the systolic tricuspid annular motion [13,18] (cm/s) at the lateral free wall
(TVlat) and at the septal wall (TVsept) was obtained from the apical 4-chamber view using a pulsed wave doppler sampling gate of 2-4 mm and a sweep of 100-150 mm/s, as follows: one during the early phase of diastolic myocardial velocity (Em) and another during the late phase of diastolic myocardial velocity (Am) [19, 20]
To the Editor: Moderator band (MB) is a part of the septomarginal trabeculation, which not only supports the anterior papillary muscle (APM) of the tricuspid valve but also connects it to the free wall
. Nevertheless, with the advent of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE), electrophysiologists are now aware of the arrhythmogenic role of MB besides its mechanical function.
The physiological, biochemical and bio-molecular properties of EAT and the possible paracrine interactions within the heart have been described in previous studies.6 EAT exists mainly in the atrioventricular and interventricular groove along the major coronary arteries and branches, to a lesser extent in the atrium, right ventricle and the left ventricular free wall
that shows extension to the apex.7 The embryological origin of EAT is similar to intra-abdominal visceral adipose tissue.8
is RW= ([[[pi]]/]) (abd)-FWV, with 'a being the RV height, 'b' being the LV diastolic diameter, 'd' being the RV septal-to-free wall diameter, and FWV being the free wall
The favored site for growth of hydatid cyst in the heart is the left ventricle free wall
. With its substantial myocardial mass and varying pressures, the LV provides optimal conditions for development and growth of the parasite.
Finally contrastenhanced thoracic computed tomography revealed severe concentric pericardial calcification with partial infiltration of the myocardial free wall
of the right ventricle with a maximum width of 10 mm (Figure 1, 2).
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Therefore, 9 samples from the lateral wall of RA, 10 from the lateral free wall
of RV and 10 from the RV apex were analyzed.
A pouch protruding from the free wall
of the left ventricle may be either a congenital ventricular diverticulum (CVD) or aneurysm (CVA).
The thickness of the free wall
of the right ventricle was measured with substernal projection.