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Related to free-tailed bat: Molossidae


(vertebrate zoology)
The free-tailed bats, a family of tropical and subtropical insectivorous mammals in the order Chiroptera.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(mastiff bats), a family of mammals of the suborder of insectivorous bats, close to the family of common or flat-nosed bats (Vespertilionidae). They are a highly specialized group of bats and have a very advanced flight apparatus. Their form is compact, and their wings are narrow and sharp. The long, muscular tail emerges from the interfemoral membrane. The conchae auriculae are usually enlarged.

There are about ten genera of mastiff bats, comprising 100 species. They live in the tropical and subtropical zones. One species (Tadarida teniotis) lives in the USSR. It is occasionally found in the Caucasus, southern Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia. Its body length is 81-92 mm, and its forearm length is 57-63 mm. The conchae auriculae are large, pointed forward, and joined by their internal edges. They function as a supplementary lifting surface and partly as “elevators.” The flight of these bats is very swift and direct, resembling the flight of martins.


Mlekopitaiushchie fauny SSSR, part 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1963.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Survival tactics within thermally-challenging roosts: heat tolerance and cold sensitivity in the Angolan free-tailed bat, Mops condylurus.
Roosting behavior of the Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis) in a highway overpass.
The geographic range of the Brazilian Free-tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis) in western North America extends as far north as southern Oregon (Verts and Carraway 1998), southern Idaho (Rita Dixon, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, pers.
The occurrence of the Peale's free-tailed bat (Nyctinomops aurispinosus, Molossidae) in Central America.
Snyder of Austin Peay State University discovered the first Brazilian Free-tailed bat (BFT), Tadarida brasiliensis, in Clarksville, Montgomery County, Tennessee (Snyder, 1993).
We observed Southeastern myotis (Myotis austroriparius), Big brown (Eptesicus fuscus), and Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) using concrete box culverts as diurnal roosts in Butler County, Alabama during summer 2008.
Young readers follow Frankie the Brazilian free-tailed bat's adventures as she searches for food, migrates between the two countries and becomes a mother.
McCracken, "Bats Aloft: A Study of High-Altitude Feeding," Bats 14 (Fall 1996): 8, "Extrapolating from the energy requirements of a mother bat and her growing pup, we estimate that a million nursing free-tailed bat eats about 10 tons of insects every night.
In the caption for "Last Words" on the last page of the July/August issue, we misidentified the Mexican free-tailed bat as the "main pollinator of the agave plant" (the source of tequila).
We described the distribution and roosting habits of all 16 species of bats that occur in Georgia including the eastern pipistrelle, eastern small-footed myotis, southeastern myotis, Indiana bat, little brown bat, northern long-eared myotis, gray bat, Rafinesque's big-eared bat, silver-haired bat, Seminole bat, northern yellow bat, hoary bat, big brown bat, and Brazilian free-tailed bat. This distri bution and roosting ecology information of Georgia bats is critical for effective bat conservation throughout the state.
The pioneering zone of the Mexican free-tailed bat includes Barber and Comanche counties in Kansas and as far north as Mesa and Saguache counties in southwestern Colorado.
The absence of clustering behavior in the European free-tailed bat at the northern limit of its range may seem strange at first glance.