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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also filibuster, buccaneer), a sea-going pirate who in the 17th century plundered mainly Spanish ships and colonies in the Americas.

In the 1620’s freebooters controlled the island of St. Christopher (St. Kitts), which became their first base of operations, and in the 1630’s they controlled part of Hispaniola. The freebooters were predominantly English, French, and Dutch. England and France made use of the freebooters in their rivalry with Spain for conquest in the colonies. In 1671, under the leadership of the Englishman H. Morgan, they captured the city of Panama and proceeded to attack the Spanish holdings along the entire Pacific coast. In the 1680’s freebooters captured and plundered Veracruz and several other cities in Mexico, as well as several cities in Peru. The depredations of the freebooters helped weaken the ties between Spain and her American colonies and seriously damaged her maritime power.

In the 19th century the term “filibusters” was applied to North American adventurers who attacked the countries of South and Central America—for example, W. Walker’s incursions in the 1850’s into Mexico and the countries of Central America.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Along with the Assassin-Templar feud, Edward and his merry band also have to contend with British and Spanish troops, slave traders and competing freebooters.
Oh the freebooters howled from their Yankee clippers and their British brigantines, but the course was set - bound for resolution.
I am reminded of British politician Winston Churchill's words which he spoke in Parliament regarding India's independence, "Power will go to the hands of rascals, rogues, freebooters; all Indian leaders will be of low calibre and men of straw.
In the Baltic, German freebooters like Klaus Stortebeker (1360-ca.
In the same vein, freebooters and local powers make use of the chaos to plunder cities and smuggle people.
And the arrangement Murray made with the French publishers adds further hard evidence to support Barnes's contention that, far from being freebooters, the Galignanis indeed acted as agents for English publishers (294).
The children's series followed reformed pirate Dan Tempest and the adventures of his crew of freebooters on board The Sultana.
Freebooters and filibusters and such send us a message: History isn't settled because reality never was.
Though Canberra is legally and politically committed to reviewing each and every case of asylum, after instantly hosting the illegal immigrants on its soil, it feels that time has come to crackdown on the tendency of freebooters. Such a change of heart has unfurled a storm of criticism at home and abroad, with rights groups calling the decision an appalling political move.
With many b&w illustrations and maps, the text includes accounts of freebooters, privateers, blockade runners, buccaneers, rovers, flibustiers, English conveys attacking the Spanish and Dutch, as well as entries on terms, places, and events, each volume is devoted to a separate era, from 1650-1685 in Vol.
Two of his ancestors had been amongst the Norman, French, Breton and Flemish freebooters and mercenaries who had fought with William Duke of Normandy at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 in the hope of gaining wide lands.