(redirected from freebooting)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to freebooting: call on, try out, holding up, took over
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also filibuster, buccaneer), a sea-going pirate who in the 17th century plundered mainly Spanish ships and colonies in the Americas.

In the 1620’s freebooters controlled the island of St. Christopher (St. Kitts), which became their first base of operations, and in the 1630’s they controlled part of Hispaniola. The freebooters were predominantly English, French, and Dutch. England and France made use of the freebooters in their rivalry with Spain for conquest in the colonies. In 1671, under the leadership of the Englishman H. Morgan, they captured the city of Panama and proceeded to attack the Spanish holdings along the entire Pacific coast. In the 1680’s freebooters captured and plundered Veracruz and several other cities in Mexico, as well as several cities in Peru. The depredations of the freebooters helped weaken the ties between Spain and her American colonies and seriously damaged her maritime power.

In the 19th century the term “filibusters” was applied to North American adventurers who attacked the countries of South and Central America—for example, W. Walker’s incursions in the 1850’s into Mexico and the countries of Central America.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
to the onslaught of piracy and freebooting. In the late seventeenth
The dispersed nature of power during the medieval period rendered attempts to distinguish, through the issuance of letters of reprisal and marque, between authorized naval commerce warfare and freebooting piracy more theoretical than real.
The mortal agents now serving these gods - the superhero New Olympians - are seen as the 'new elite of freebooting super-rich free-market operatives and their colleagues in national and international institutions' (p4).
These venerable workhorse freighters, often patched up and barely able to take to the air, and the daredevil crews of freebooting Ukrainians, Bulgarians, Russians and other veterans of the Cold War who flew them, gave Bout a massive edge in selling and transporting arms to the warlords who plundered Africa in their murderous multitude of wars over the continent's riches--diamonds, copper, gold, timber and other resources in which Bout was sometimes paid.
But the contrast is really with the remains of traditional manners and mores rather than with the culture of freebooting entrepreneurs.
Also, what party is going to accept these freebooting MPs?
Commercial fishing is a deeply troubled industry, caught between a freebooting past in which high seas fishing was a free-for-all among fishermen who behaved as if the fish in the sea were inexhaustible--and a future in which fish populations are known to be finite, with many threatened or even facing extinction.
The Federal Government played a key interventionist role in the midst of all this freebooting capitalism, following certain Whig traditions, to make Minnesota, as well as much of the West, ripe for development.
But freebooting voyages to the Caribbean by vessels from Philadelphia and other ports captured nearly 2,500 Spanish and French merchant ships and reaped enormous profits for both the buccaneers and the colonial seaboard merchants who exported manufactured goods to the Caribbean in exchange for sugar and molasses to supply colonial distilleries.
Most fatefully of all, in 1171, seizing the initiative from a group of freebooting Anglo-Norman adventurers summoned to the aid of Ireland's warring kings, he launched an expedition of his own across the Irish Sea: virtually the only time that a successful conquest of Ireland was initiated from the British mainland.
But regulars who broke the rules of war are not the primary concern here; rather, Ward focuses on marauding bands composed of little more than outlaws, members of freebooting gangs motivated by a combination of "revenge and greed" who roamed between the lines in a lawless no-man's land (x).