freethinkers


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freethinkers,

those who arrive at conclusions, particularly in questions of religion, by employing the rules of reason while rejecting supernatural authority or ecclesiastical tradition. The freethinkers believe that independence of thought from such authority leads all men to essentially identical conclusions concerning morality and religion. The name came into general use in the 18th cent. after the publication (1713) of Anthony Collins's Discourse of Freethinking Occasioned by the Rise and Growth of a Sect Called Freethinkers. The movement took different forms in different countries. In England it was intimately connected with deism but did not break completely with traditional Christianity. It took a more radical form in France. Voltaire renounced all connection with Christianity, and the Encyclopedists broke with religion altogether. Freethinking also has an important social side and influenced the philosophies of the Freemasons and, in France, the Culte de l'Être Suprême. In the United States the organizations established to further freethinking include the American Rationalist Association, the American Secular Union, and the Freethinkers of America. The International Order for Ethics and Culture, organized at Bern in 1908, is designed to investigate the ethical factors in society without theological or metaphysical bias.
References in periodicals archive ?
Her status as an immigrant also differentiated her, and she was never able to shake the label of "foreigner." Amid the Christian reformers who populated abolition and its sister movement, woman suffrage, Rose stood out: "the only female freethinker among both the feminists and the abolitionists," writes Anderson, "[and] ...
Iowa Atheists and Freethinkers (www.iowaatheists.org ) is a 501(c)(3) non-pro1/4ut social and educational group working to provide a community of support and friendship for atheists, freethinkers, secular humanists, agnostics, and other non-religious people.
However, the outstanding merit of his ruminations and swinging moods and orientations is his monumental inventory book 400 Years of Freethought (1894) counting more than 140 portraits of secularists and freethinkers (Schmidt 2016, 54-55).
Notice the argument here isn't constitutional, but economic: Let freethinkers flourish in a state whose nickname used to be the Land of Opportunity.
Respondents were asked how they identify--agnostic (6%), atheist (47%), humanist (30%), freethinker (5%), secular (4%), nonreligious (6%), or other (2%)--and whether they voted for Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, Jill Stein, Gary Johnson, another candidate, or not at all.
It aims to reach out to atheists, humanists, freethinkers and others who are simply looking for a way out of faith.
Rather, they were members of Pakistani Atheists and Agnostics, a five-year-old group that advertises itself on Twitter as "a social organization for freethinkers of Pakistan." Two or three times a month they gather to talk about religionor rather, about rejecting religionand about politics.
He shows how some of us ("freethinkers and free riders") attempt to ignore the Big Gods, but how the gods shape us as individuals and particularly as groups, nevertheless.
Sotto should be cited guilty of improper conduct and be given disciplinary action for allegedly plagiarising the works of a late American senator and three other bloggers when he made speeches at the Senate to criticise the proposed passage of a controversial health bill that would allow government's subsidy for the family planning programme for the poor, the group, composed of scholars, bloggers and members of Filipino Freethinkers Inc, said.
Drake and Ralegh and the New World; Master Dee, Dickon Chancellor and his maps and trade routes, freethinkers, all of them.' The Great Lie by Myrrha Stanford-Smith He sat forward, gripping the arms of his chair.
Brilliant and articulate letters of freethinkers who care very much for their communities - a refreshing change from entrenched political non-thinking drivel repeating the same old party line.