French polish

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French polish

a varnish for wood consisting of shellac dissolved in alcohol
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

French Polish

 

a substance used to finish articles made of wood. It forms a smooth, transparent coating with a mirrorlike shine and brings out the texture of the wood. The most widely used French polish is a 10- to 20-percent alcohol solution of shellac, which is applied to the prepared surface by hand, using a pad soaked with French polish and a few drops of linseed oil; the oil facilitates application. Polishing is accelerated by applying French polish over a layer of shellac varnish; polishing machines may be used for this purpose. A special type of French polish is used to finish nitrocellulose coatings. It consists of a 7-percent solution of pyroxylin, cyclohexanone-formaldehyde resin, and a plasticizer in a mixture of organic solvents. A mixture of this polish with regular French polish may also be used.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

French polish

[¦french ′päl·ish]
(materials)
Shellac dissolved in methylated spirits.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

French polish

1. A furniture polish or finish containing shellac mixed with alcohol or oil; French varnish.
2. A hand-rubbed high-gloss finish, achieved by multiple applications of such varnish.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
But Mrs Widmer-Schlumpf said she was also swayed by Swiss national interests and the fact Polanski - who has French-Polish nationality - had for years visited the country in good faith.
Internally, each home has a contemporary French-polished ash staircase with glass balustrade, French-polished internal doors, underfloor heating to the ground floor and all bathrooms with individual thermostatic controls.
A bow-front china cabinet, With buckled legs of oak, Restored and then French-polished, Its maker's name bespoke.
There's more stained glass in the vestibule and a ceiling rose and cornice in the hall while the living room is magnificent, having a canted bay window, a French-polished mahogany fire surround, a couple of ceiling roses and fitted cupboards.
All this plus summer's leftover flower stems at the end of each branch, French-polished fingernails set off by ruffle-sleeved leaves.
The bar top has been stripped and French-polished and food is now also on the menu.
Members will be offered to have their nails shaped and polished or french-polished by senior manicurist Hannah Jarvis, from Cardiff beauty specialists Nailcraft, which has salons in the Castle shopping centre and the High Street arcade.
She wanted her nails to have a natural, French-polished look.
Other special features of the pounds 250,000 homes are the hand-painted kitchen and French-polished hard wood detailing plus a view over the village cricket field.