front-end processor


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front-end processor

[¦frənt ¦end ‚präs‚es·ər]
(computer science)
A computer which connects to the main computer at one end and communications channels at the other, and which directs the transmitting and receiving of messages, detects and corrects transmission errors, assembles and disassembles messages, and performs other processing functions so that the main computer receives pure information.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

front-end processor

(FEP) 1. A small computer necessary to enable an IBM mainframe using SNA to communicate beyond the limits of the dinosaur pen.

2. A small computer controlling the screen and keyboard of a Symbolics 3600 LISP Machine.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
In this case, the old front-end processor in Lexington was removed and all alarm contacts were connected to a central alarm panel in the facility.
APPN capability on the router will let IBM SNA users route their LAN traffic independently of the front-end processor. It provides the peer-to-peer networking that users want, displacing the hierarchical, mainframe-centered approach that IBM pioneered and fought to preserve for many years.
"We solved both problems by offloading communications from the VAX computer onto a front-end processor and buying the BSC interface software off-the-shelf," he said.
The 3B2/400 User Interface acts as a front-end processor for the video switch.
Don Odell, systems engneer at Metropolitan Life Insurance's New York office, wasn't around when Met Life didn't secure its regional front-end processor.
The satellite data network transparently connects the customer front-end processor to remote data terminals, thereby eliminating all intervening terrestrial lines, multiplexers, concentrators, modems, and so on.
DCA's initial implementation, known as Telcon, made use of network software and the Distributed Communications Processor (DCP), which serves as a front-end processor, remote concentrator or network node processor for the firm's host computers.
One form of satellite delay compensation is program emulation, which provides local acknowledgement and response to the front-end processor and control units.
Over a multi-drop leased-line network, the communications computer transmits data to an IBM host through a front-end processor. In the store, the computer controls printers and terminals for total inquiries, data colection, credit inquiries and responses, report requests and report generation.
* The 3705 front-end processor or communications controller attaches to the mainframe via the local channel.