lobotomy

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lobotomy

(lōbŏt`əmē, lə–), surgical procedure for cutting nerve pathways in the frontal lobes of the brainbrain,
the supervisory center of the nervous system in all vertebrates. It also serves as the site of emotions, memory, self-awareness, and thought. Anatomy and Function
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. The operation has been performed on mentally ill patients whose behavioral patterns were not improved by other forms of treatment. The procedure as pioneered by Nobel laureate Egas Moniz in the 1930s consisted of drilling holes through the skull and severing or interfering with nerve fibers to the midbrain, particularly to the thalamus. In a later development, instruments were passed through the eye sockets to sever the connections.

Lobotomies were performed on numerous patients between 1936 and 1956. In approximately one half there was at least temporary relief of symptoms. However, some patients exhibited worse behavior after the operation, and others whose tensions were relieved by the surgery degenerated to a vegetative state. Since the mid-1950s such psychosurgery has been largely abandoned in favor of less radical means of treatment, e.g., the administration of tranquilizers and other chemical substances. Most psychiatrists today do not view lobotomy as an acceptable form of treatment.

lobotomy

[lō′bäd·ə·mē]
(medicine)
An operative section of the fibers between the frontal lobes of the brain. Also known as leukotomy; prefrontal lobotomy.

lobotomy

1. surgical incision into a lobe of any organ
2. surgical interruption of one or more nerve tracts in the frontal lobe of the brain: used in the treatment of intractable mental disorders

lobotomy

(1)
What a hacker subjected to formal management training is said to have undergone. At IBM and elsewhere this term is used by both hackers and low-level management; the latter doubtless intend it as a joke.

lobotomy

(2)
The act of removing the processor from a microcomputer in order to replace or upgrade it. Some very cheap clone systems are sold in "lobotomised" form - everything but the brain.
References in periodicals archive ?
Forget for a minute that some of these miserable sinners presuming to dish out this advice walk around the place as if they've had a frontal lobotomy.
The game can be played alone or you can compete with friends but, as my son pointed out, they all need to be around ten years of age or under - or have undergone a frontal lobotomy.
If I had my way the state, if it can't and won't use capital punishment should, upon convicting these hateful people, conduct full frontal lobotomy on them.
He said that anyone who proposed reforming Social Security was a ``candidate for a frontal lobotomy.
Following hot on the heels of the tournament's other hirsute halfwits the Brazil striker has gone and had a haircut that can only be described as a full frontal lobotomy.
They did - a frontal lobotomy First Division style.
WHAT I hate is the insinuation that if you watch House Party you must have had a full frontal lobotomy.
Slightly drunk and waving a whiskey bottle at a class full of students, he pronounced: "I'd rather have a bottle in front of me, than a frontal lobotomy.
This involved fixing two flat tyres, oiling the chain, checking the brakes, and asking the surgeon for a general anaesthetic before he performed the frontal lobotomy that was required before I ever ride a bike again.
So daughter Rosemary, initially only mildly mentally handicapped, was subjected to the dangerous frontal lobotomy treatment because her parents could not bear a child who was not perfect.