Frontal Plane

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Related to Frontal Plane: sagittal plane, transverse plane

frontal plane

[¦frənt·əl ¦plān]
Any plane parallel with the long axis of the body and perpendicular to the sagittal plane.
In electrocardiography and vectorcardiography, the projection of the vertical axis.

Frontal Plane


a term used in animal and human anatomy to designate an imaginary plane that runs through the body parallel to the surface of the frons (forehead) and perpendicular to the sagittal and transverse planes. In animals the frontal plane passes horizontally along the body (when there is a horizontally extended head); in man it passes vertically, for example, through both hip joints. The frontal plane divides the body into front and back parts.

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2009) Effect of landing height on frontal plane kinematics, kinetics and energy dissipation at lower extremity joints.
Challenges to frontal plane stability during curved walking are observed by changes in COP trajectory and ML mean position and variability.
Leg muscle activity during tandem stance and the control of body balance in the frontal plane.
Utility of the frontal plane projection angle in females with patellofemoral pain.
Stability was reduced in this study by using a narrow medial-lateral base of support that required neuromuscular activity to provide frontal plane support.
9[degrees] in the frontal plane and placed in a neutral (parallel to the neck) position in the sagittal plane in 40 hips (58%), anteverted with respect to the neck in 17 hips (25%), and retroverted with respect to the neck in 12 hips (17%).
The optimized combination of QRS-vector indicators for discrimination between healthy controls and patients with anterior STEMI includes amplitude of the maximal vector in the frontal and sagittal plane, angle a of the maximal vector in the sagittal plane and the area of the loop in the frontal plane.
To determine the eye's sagittal orientation, a similar method to above was employed in which the spider was placed on its side and a similar set of angles was created to measure the angle of the principal axis relative to the frontal plane.
But such studies don't address the issue of stability since few knee muscles specifically provide frontal plane stability, said Alison Chang, a physical therapist at Northwestern University, Chicago.
Peale and the hanging curtain, which make up the frontal plane of the picture, take up almost half of the space on the canvas.
By contrast, Christ seems to float impossibly over and in front of the foreground scene of the apostles, as if suspended before the painting itself--and in closer proximity to the viewers than even the seated apostle, who seemed to mark the farthest extension of the frontal plane.
Multivariate analysis of the kinematic data revealed a main effect of the lifting belt for frontal plane trunk motion, F(5, 208) = 126, p [less than] .