frottage

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frottage

[frȯ′täzh]
(graphic arts)
A technique in which a material, such as paper, is placed on a rough or irregular surface and is rubbed with a pencil or paint; the approximate image of the peaks and valleys results; the method is used to copy bas-reliefs, tombstones, and bronzes.
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A subsequent frottage from the series "Omnipresent Eye" (1936) shows two floating eyeballs on a surreal space-face overlaid with restraining chicken-wire frottage.
The artist's books and frottage drawings reference Land Art in their use of natural materials, but also in their relationship to site, establishing a dialectical relationship similar to that of Robert Smithson's non sites of the late 1960s.
A number of frottages were based on the long love poem, Island Man, by Brendon Kelly.
In order to bypass "conscious control" (66) and bring about a "crisis of consciousness" (67), the surrealists emphasize techniques like collage, frottage, and automatic writing that promote "uncontrolled association" (66).
With his frottages, which emphasize the indexical nature of the mark and make use of the support's asperities as it reveals them, Seurat abolished the projective nature of drawing, celebrated as disegno since the Renaissance.
The main space was the aesthetic center of the installation, wherein a modular system of lattices and bed linens with glued-on drawings, photographs, magazine clippings, menus, and journal entries alternated with abstract frottages depicting psychic energy.
Often dismissed as an art-school heartthrob, Ernst (paintings, sculptures, collages, frottages, etc.