shoulder

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Related to frozen shoulder: Shoulder pain

shoulder

1. the part of the vertebrate body where the arm or a corresponding forelimb joins the trunk: the pectoral girdle and associated structures
2. the joint at the junction of the forelimb with the pectoral girdle
3. the strip of unpaved land that borders a road
4. Engineering a substantial projection or abrupt change in shape or diameter designed to withstand thrust
5. Photog the portion of the characteristic curve of a photographic material indicating the maximum density that can be produced on the material

Shoulder

A projection or break changing the thickness or width of a piece of shaped wood, metal, or stone.

Shoulder

 

of man, the segment of the upper extremity closest to the trunk.

The shoulder is bounded above by the shoulder joint and below by the elbow joint. The base of the shoulder is formed by the humeral bone, which has a body, an upper joint surface (caput, or head) to unite with the shoulder blade, and a lower joint surface (trochlea of the humerus) to unite with the bones of the forearm. The part of the bone under the head is called the neck of the shoulder. The shoulder bone is surrounded by longitudinally situated muscles—biceps and brachialis in front and triceps in back. The muscles are covered by a layer of connective tissue, subcutaneous fatty tissue, and skin. Deep in the soft tissues of the muscles are the blood vessels and nerves—the humeral artery and veins and the radial, ulnar, and median nerves. Superficial nerves, arteries, and veins are situated in the subcutaneous tissue.

Traumata of the shoulder include injuries to muscles, tendons, nerves, and blood vessels, as well as fractures—most commonly of the neck of the humerus.

shoulder

[′shōl·dər]
(anatomy)
The area of union between the upper limb and the trunk in humans.
The corresponding region in other vertebrates.
(design engineering)
The portion of a shaft, a stepped object, or a flanged object that shows an increase of diameter.
(engineering)
A projection made on a piece of shaped wood, metal, or stone, where its width or thickness is suddenly changed.
(geology)
A short, rounded spur protruding laterally from the slope of a mountain or hill.
The sloping segment below the summit of a mountain or hill.
A bench on the flanks of a glaciated valley, located at the sharp change of slope where the steep sides of the inner glaciated valley meet the more gradual slope above the level of glaciation.
A joint structure on a joint face produced by the intersection of plume-structure ridges with fringe joints.
(graphic arts)
That part of a plate or type that extends beyond the actual printing surface.

shoulder

1. A projection or break made on a piece of shaped wood, metal, or stone, where its width or thickness is suddenly changed. Also called ear, elbow.
2. The surface bordering a road, esp. where a vehicle can be parked in emergency.
3. The angle of a bastion included between the face and the flank of a fortification. Also called shoulder angle.

shoulder

shoulderclick for a larger image
An area adjacent to the edge of a pavement so prepared as to provide a transition between the pavement and the adjacent surface (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients of frozen shoulder should be screened for diabetes as a routine so that along with other modalities of treatment like medications and physiotherapy, effective glycaemic control is ensured for a better prognosis and improved quality of life.
Suprascapular nerve block for the treatment of frozen shoulder. Saudi J Anaesth 2012; 6(1): 52-5.
For frozen shoulder to progress on its own through all three stages can take from 11 months to almost four years!
Bunker, "Frozen shoulder: Unravelling the enigma," Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, vol.
A thickened coracohumeral ligament (CHL) has been documented as one of the most specific manifestations of frozen shoulder [3, 4].
The same study defines manual labor and psychiatric conditions as risk factors for the condition.5 Adhesive Capsulitis also termed as frozen shoulder is a state that is caused by pain and the limited shoulder range of motion.6 The etiology of primary type adhesive capsulitis is yet unidentified.
and deltoid bursitis, or frozen shoulder, characterised by shoulder pain and loss of motion."
[2] A missed diagnosis of posterior shoulder dislocation at the time of injury could lead to an incorrect diagnosis of frozen shoulder at a later stage.
Gannon suffered what she thought was a frozen shoulder in a fall at Salisbury in 2012 only to discover the cartilage had worn away just over a year later.
* Once the ligaments have healed, appropriate counseling is needed to rehabilitate the injury and to prevent frozen shoulder. Among seniors, persistent weakness in the shoulder should be checked for a possible rotator cuff tear.
R&D expenses of USD10.3m were recorded in Q1 2014, a decline from USD11.2m for the first quarter of 2013, principally from lower spending on XIAFLEX Phase 3 clinical trials in Dupuytren's contracture (DC) and PD, partially offset by increased spending on the ongoing XIAFLEX Phase 2 trials for cellulite and Frozen Shoulder Syndrome.