fruit bat


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fruit bat,

fruit-eating batbat,
winged mammal of the order Chiroptera, which includes 900–1,000 species classified in about 200 genera and 17 families. Bats range in size from a wingspread of over 5 ft (150 cm) to a wingspread of less than 2 in. (5 cm).
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 found in tropical regions of the Old World. It is relatively large and differs from other bats in the possession of an independent, clawed second digit; it also depends on sight rather than echo-location in maintaining orientation. The Pteropodidae, or flying foxes, are S Asian fruit bats whose short jaws and powerful teeth are specially adapted for piercing the rinds of tough fruit. They include the largest of all bats, the kalang (Pteropus vampyrus), which has a wingspan greater than 5 ft (1.5 m). The Macroglossidae, or long-tongued fruit bats, are widespread throughout S Asia, Africa, New Guinea, and Australia. Specialized for a diet of pollen and nectar, their snouts and tongues are greatly elongated. All fruit bats are highly mobile, traveling as much as 30 mi (48 km) in search of food. They nest in trees and all but a few species are completely nocturnal. Fruit bats are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Chiroptera.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, the initially blamed straw-colored fruit bat has been found so resistant as to be an unlikely host.
The fruit bats are important reservoirs of many pathogens, some of which have been reported to be associated with many diseases like rabies (Paez et al.
A few years back, when an application was filed to extend the Androlikou quarry, the environmental impact study had failed to mention the presence of fruit bats in the proposed area.
Human Ebola outbreak resulting from direct exposure to fruit bats in Luebo, Democratic Republic of Congo, 2007.
2009) including short nosed fruit bat (Cynopterus sphinx) the Indian flying fox (Pteropus giganteus) the Egyptian fruit bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus) and the fulvous fruit bat (Rousettus leschenaulti).
High media attention and research investment, knowledge about the pathology of Hendra and the ecology of Australian fruit bats is now beginning to be understood.
The solution was to be found in a previous study in Ulanovsky's group, which tracked wild fruit bats using miniature GPS devices.
The hunters would drop the net and it would be full of fruit bats.
Altered fruit bat activity with respect to changes in light pattern is a generally accepted conjecture (Erkert 1978).
Daszak says that the widespread deforestation in Sumatra, fueled by paper industry logging, eventually meant that fruit bats "ran out of resources.
Mort, a fruit bat, is hanging around waiting his turn to eat cooked pumpkin from a jack-o-lantern at a zoo.
It was believed the PM was fed fruit bat which can be roasted, made into pate, or curried.