fruit fly


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fruit fly,

common name for any of the fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 that lay their eggs in various plant tissues. The Tephritidae contains about 1,200 species characterized by wide heads, black or steely green or blue bodies, iridescent greenish eyes, and wings that are usually mottled brown or black. The eggs of most species are laid directly in the pulp of the fruit on which the larvae feed; in North America, blueberries, cherries, and apples are much damaged by these insects. In warm regions, the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, was a serious pest of citrus fruits; it has now been eradicated from the S United States. Some species, e.g., the goldenrod gall fly, Eurosta solidaginis, which deposits its eggs in species of goldenrod, lay their eggs in plants of no economic importance. The Drosophilidae, or pomace flies, are yellowish and in the wild are largely found around decaying vegetation. The larvae living in fruit actually feed on the yeasts growing in the fruit. Drosophila melanogaster, also called vinegar fly, is a much used laboratory insect; its 10-day life cycle and large chromosomes, particularly those of the salivary glands of the larva, have made it invaluable in the study of geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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. Fruit flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae.

fruit fly

[′früt ‚flī]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for those acalypterate insects composing the family Tephritidae.
Any insect whose larvae feed on fruit or decaying vegetable matter.

fruit fly

1. any small dipterous fly of the family Trypetidae, which feed on and lay their eggs in plant tissues
2. any dipterous fly of the genus Drosophila
References in periodicals archive ?
Every country is concerned about the fruit fly, and we need to show them their products are safe from it,' he said.
He said fruit fly was a very damaging insect for fruit trees which can decrease production of mango, orange and guava up to 30 per cent.
Two species of fruit flies established in different regions of Pakistan include, peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata and cucurbit fruit fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett).
Our objectives were 1) to compare rates of fruit fly capture by 2 artisanal trap models and the McPhail trap, 2) to compare effectiveness of the better artisanal model and the McPhail trap for mass trapping fruit flies, and 3) to assess the optimal trap density for mass trapping fruit flies in mango orchards in Haiti (MARNDR 2009).
The management approaches may include physical control cultural control biological control the sterile insect technique (SIT) male annihilation technique (MAT) protein bait technology and insecticides cover spray as there is no single one-answer' solution to the fruit fly problem.
1: Fruit infestation (%) marketable fruits/plant yield losses/plant (g) and marketable yield/plant (g) demonstrated by melon fruit fly in bitter gourd crop sown at different plant-to-plant distances (Means of bars sharing similar letters are not significantly different at p = 0.
To film fruit fly flight required years of refining a 3-D video monitoring setup.
Hawaii is no stranger to fruit fly outbreaks, with ARS scientists leading the way in coming up with solutions.
In the traditional olive-growing regions of Europe and the Middle East, the olive fruit fly is the primary economic pest.
Scientists want to know how the fruit fly knows water because this information may help in learning how other animals--or even individual cells--manage to use water in the right way.
For the experiment, researchers raised members of a mutant, short-lived species of fruit fly, (Sod flies) in a vial with younger members of control fruit flies.