fruit fly


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fruit fly,

common name for any of the fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae. All fruit flies are very small insectsinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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 that lay their eggs in various plant tissues. The Tephritidae contains about 1,200 species characterized by wide heads, black or steely green or blue bodies, iridescent greenish eyes, and wings that are usually mottled brown or black. The eggs of most species are laid directly in the pulp of the fruit on which the larvae feed; in North America, blueberries, cherries, and apples are much damaged by these insects. In warm regions, the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, was a serious pest of citrus fruits; it has now been eradicated from the S United States. Some species, e.g., the goldenrod gall fly, Eurosta solidaginis, which deposits its eggs in species of goldenrod, lay their eggs in plants of no economic importance. The Drosophilidae, or pomace flies, are yellowish and in the wild are largely found around decaying vegetation. The larvae living in fruit actually feed on the yeasts growing in the fruit. Drosophila melanogaster, also called vinegar fly, is a much used laboratory insect; its 10-day life cycle and large chromosomes, particularly those of the salivary glands of the larva, have made it invaluable in the study of geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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. Fruit flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, families Tephritidae and Drosophilidae.

fruit fly

[′früt ‚flī]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for those acalypterate insects composing the family Tephritidae.
Any insect whose larvae feed on fruit or decaying vegetable matter.

fruit fly

1. any small dipterous fly of the family Trypetidae, which feed on and lay their eggs in plant tissues
2. any dipterous fly of the genus Drosophila
References in periodicals archive ?
Understanding long-term fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) population dynamics: implications for area wide management.
Biological control can be a practical, safe and economically effective means of fruit fly control, and its importance continues to grow in regions where pesticide use is less desirable (e.
Toxicological studies of organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides for controlling the fruit fly Dacus ciliatus (Diptera: Tephritidae) J.
'The fruit fly is not our main concern when it comes to being blocked from the international market,' he said, adding that most mango shipments that had been prepared to leave Cambodia had met the SPS requirements.
He said fruit fly was a very damaging insect for fruit trees which can decrease production of mango, orange and guava up to 30 per cent.
Two species of fruit flies established in different regions of Pakistan include, peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata and cucurbit fruit fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett).
The presence of fruit fly can also result in loss of valuable interstate and export markets.
1: Fruit infestation (%) marketable fruits/plant yield losses/plant (g) and marketable yield/plant (g) demonstrated by melon fruit fly in bitter gourd crop sown at different plant-to-plant distances (Means of bars sharing similar letters are not significantly different at p = 0.05; Error bars indicate the SE)
To film fruit fly flight required years of refining a 3-D video monitoring setup.
The Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) is a pest well known in the United States and is causing severe damage to French Polynesian agriculture, a major industry with exports of several tropical fruits and vegetables.