Effect of Fucoxanthin
and Xanthigen[TM], A phytomedicine containing fucoxanthin
and pomegranate seed oil, on energy expenditure in obese non-diabetic female volunteers: a double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled trial.
The effect of Xanthigen[TM], a phytomedicine containing fucoxanthin
and pomegranate seed oil, on body weight in obese non-diabetic female volunteers: a double-blind, randomized and placebo- controlled trial.
Tissue Pigment Origin Wild Hepatopancreas Astaxanthin F 22.82 [+ or -] 4.19 a Astaxanthin E 144.1 [+ or -] 13.9 b Fucoxanthin
nd Zeaxanthin 2.96 [+ or -] 0.46 a Canthaxanthin 3.23 [+ or -] 0.45 [beta]-carotene 12.2 [+ or -] 1.20 a Exoskeleton Astaxanthin F 1.51 [+ or -] 0.11 Astaxanthin E 0.74 [+ or -] 0.49 b Zeaxanthin 0.06 [+ or -] 0.01 Canthaxanthin 0.04 [+ or -] 0.01 [beta]-carotene 0.55 [+ or -] 0.08 b Muscle Astaxanthin F 0.73 [+ or -] 0.04 Astaxanthin E 0.63 [+ or -] 0.07 b Zeaxanthin 0.03 [+ or -] 0.01 Canthaxanthin 0.02 [+ or -] 0.01 [beta]-carotene 0.09 [+ or -] 0.04 Tissue Origin Reared Ext.
showed cytotoxic effects by inducing apoptosis of prostate cancer cell line PC-3 (Kotake-Nara et al, 2001), leukemia HL-6 (Nakazawa et al., 2009), and 6 colorectal cell lines, Caco-2, WiDr, HCT116, DLD-1, SW620, Colo205, Caco-2 cell lines (Takahashi et al., 2015).
, fucoidans and laminarans have been previously reported as active compounds from U.
Nutraceutical effects of fucoxanthin
for obesity and diabetes therapy: a review.
Peridinin (PER), fucoxanthin
(FUC) and zeaxanthin (ZEA) have been commonly used to designate dinoflagellates, diatoms and cyanobacteria, respectively (Jeffrey et al., 1997).
Astaxanthin and fucoxanthin
are two major carotenoids in marine animals and plants that exert strong antioxidant effects by scavenging free radicals .
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